We sometimes have an idea that Europe is not well wooded, but on account of the small farms, there seems to be, when you look across the county, more wood than there is in fact. The trees are planted along the canal, and streets in Belgium, in straight lines, so that there is not the appearance of being so thickly wooded as are the British Isles. In Holland the tree most common is one almost exactly similar to the common cotton wood. In some of the more southerly countries the black locust tree is the most frequently seen, and everywhere the trees planted are arranged in straight rows. Along the Lower Bhine forest trees were principally confined to sides of the highways and to refuse land on the hills. Higher up the valley more trees on the hills were to be seen. He noticed the care that was taken when earth was taken from land bordering on the railroad to make "fills," how such furrowed out places were carefully scraped and leveled, and planted to trees. There seems to be a sleepless care that no land shall be permitted to lie • waste - that all shall be utilized. The trees thus planted by the railroad authorities were the American black locust, and are destined to furnish "sleepers" for the road as they are wanted.

This admirable practice might be advantageously copied by railroads in this country. But not until you approach Bavaria do you seem to get into the great forests. These belong to the commons or cloister. Nearly every village has its common, where everybody has an equal right to cut wood or use other fuel that may be there. The trees are planted in rows four feet apart, in well prepared soil; but they do not try to cultivate rapidly; the people say that they will grow up in a hundred years, and they are satisfied with that. They do not allow any stock to injure the trees, and the young pines, especially, are allowed to grow very thickly. They make furrows, and the seeds float along from the parent tree and lodge in furrows; therefore, they come up in rows. They usually allow one or more trees to stand to cast the seed that will stock the ground anew, and also to protect the young trees coming on. I found but few kinds of trees in their forests. I found thirty-six kinds of American trees in their parks, but none of them in their forests. Where the Scotch pine is carefully started, it grows straight up, and is usually ready to cut in about fifty years. It is valuable for timber.

The Austrian pine is used to obtain tar, and is scarified and drained about ten years before it is cut down for timber. The silver fir, of Bohemia, makes a magnificent tree, and some of you who are musicians may be curious to learn that your music boards arc made from this silver fir tree, and are shipped to this and other countries. The Norway pine is more largely grown than any other tree. A small pine is found in large quantity in Italy, but is little used. The European larch, which though a conifer is not an evergreen, is a beautiful tree, and might well be used where durability is desired, though there seems to be a very popular prejudice against its use. These trees named are the only conifers found to any extent in Europe, though the beech, birch, iron wood, ash, oak and maple are found in moderate supply. But very few of our American white pine trees are to be found, but wherever they have been cultivated they grow very large, exceeding in size almost every other variety of timber. The beech grows on low lands, and is used usually for fuel.

The felloes and spokes of wheels are made from this wood.

The ash tree of Europe is tall and beautiful. The birch is not confined to water banks, as here. It is a short-lived tree, and is usually removed within about sixty years. Many acres of waste land are being planted with Scotch pine. There are in Austria two kinds of forests, called the high forests and the low forests. The beech and oak are used to plant the low forests, and pine for the high forests.

There are for forest purposes but two kinds of maple; seldom saw any American maple. All stock is kept out of the forests, so that there is a very thick undergrowth; but in the pines the forest is so thick that the sun cannot peep in, and no undergrowth will appear, but the needles drop from the tree and form a nice carpet. One of the difficulties is wind storms. I saw a wood of 3,000 acres that had been broken down, and all the trees near the windfall are shaken, and insects take hold of them and destroy them, and therefore the forester comes and saws them down, for they do not chop down trees there with axes. A fine display at the exposition was Prince Albert's collection of the insects that destroy the forests, together with a full description of their habits and effects upon the various timbers.