Here, then, are four distinct sections, each having its own peculiarity of climate, arising principally from difference of elevation. At Norfolk peach trees will be in bloom earlier than at Richmond, and at Richmond earlier than at Alexandria;at Alexandria earlier than at Winchester, and at that place earlier than in the mountain region; - from four to six weeks difference between the two extremes. Hence, an apple, for instance, that would ripen late enough to make a good winter fruit in the tide-water region, would not ripen at all in the mountain region, where the growing season was from one to two months shorter, while a winter fruit of the mountain would be a fall fruit if removed to tide-water.

These facts being beyond doubt, to all who have carefully examined the subject, show the necessity of a proper selection of varieties to suit the conditions of each section. As a general thing, apples suit best in their native region, but in this State there has been so little attention paid to pomology, heretofore, that we have not a full supply of native fruits, and are obliged to avail ourselves of varieties from other places. With proper discrimination this will answer very well. Take the Newtown Pippin as an example: its origin was Long Island, and there the summer temperature is 70° average; plant this at Norfolk, where the temperature would average 75°, and the season of growth a month longer, and it is easy to see it could not make a winter fruit there; it would ripen too soon. But take it to the mountain valleys of south-western Virginia, near the same latitude, where the elevation of about 2000 feet would reduce the summer temperature as low as that of Long Island, and we might expect it to flourish, on proper soil.

The nurserymen of eastern Virginia should look to the south-west to obtain valuable varieties for the tide-water region. The Cherokee and Choctaw Indians, formerly residing in northern Georgia and Tennessee, planted seedling apple trees largely; and out of so many we might expect to find some that were valuable. Pomologists have latterly been selecting such as were valuable, and, it is said, have obtained some really excellent varieties. These originated in an elevated and mountainous region, well adapted to fruit-growing, and consequently would suit more northern localities, particularly of less elevation; such as the tide-water region of Virginia. Most, if not all of them, except the very latest, would be likely to suit the region on both sides of the Blue Ridge. In this last region the apples of New England do not generally succeed, while those that have originated in New York do better. The New England fruits might suit the mountain region better, but it is wisdom in us to look to our native fruits as much as possible. The Newtown Pippin and Bellflower, and such as originated south of New York, do well in the valley of Virginia, and in the upper Piedmont region. Splendid specimens were exhibited at Richmond and Petersburg!], at the late agricultural shows.

The Yellow Newtown Pippin has been cultivated in Albemarle county, and sold in the Richmond markets as the Albemarle Pippin. In this region, heretofore, we have had no cheap transportation to our large cities, consequently no large orchards have been planted for market purposes, and with many the value of fruit is not sufficiently estimated, even for their own use. But the exertions latterly made by pomologists is awakening up many to see things in a different light from what they have seen them, and the time is not far distant when orchards will be planted to supply distant markets. The opening of railroads is giving access to markets not heretofore available, and will do much to promote fruit-growing.

Taken as a whole, most of our State seems well adapted to the growth of fruit trees; there is, however, one draw-back, - our climate is so unsteady in the spring. Situated as much of the State is, sloping to the Alantic, and within the influence of the warm air of the Gulf of Mexico, a few days of wind from that quarter in the spring pushes vegetation forward and causes early bloom, when a change from the north-west causes frost, and sometimes cuts off the prospect for fruit entirely. The more hilly parts succeed the best; there vegetation is not quite so early, and low grounds sometimes suffer severely, while more elevated spots are uninjured. The whole of the country east of the Blue Ridge, is favorable to the growth of the peach tree, and the quality of the fruit is superior to that of the North. In the great limestone valley the peach does not seem to succeed so well, but here the apple grows finely. In the northern part of this valley there is an elevated ridge known as "Apple Pie Ridge," so called from the success with which apples grow there. New York and other cities are now supplied in part from eastern Virginia, in peaches and early fruits, and there is little doubt that this business will be extended, as quick as cheap transportation is opened.

Indeed, I do not see why our mountain valleys might not produce the Newtown Pippin, for example, as successfully as the valley of the Hudson river; we can find as good soil and probably about the same summer temperature; and with equal cultivation, we ought to be as successful. My acquaintance with northern grown fruit is not extensive, but I have seen finer specimens of Newtown Pippins grown here than I have ever seen North. Energetic nurserymen and fruit-growers have commenced operations in different parts, and their success will stimulate others, so that in twenty-five years we may calculate on a great change as regards fruitgrowing in Virginia.