This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
We received on the 28th of June, from B. B. Kirtland, Esq., of Greenbush, N. Y., samples of two varieties of seedling cherries - called Mary and Christiana, that seem to us worthy of the attention of po-mologists, especially at the north and west. These cherries appear, in fruit, flavor and foliage, to be a cross between the Mayduke and the Heart cherries, assimilating much more closely in flavor and color and form to the Mayduke than the other parent; the color bright lively red - the flavor sprightly sub-acid - the fruit borne in large clusters - the leaves rather narrow.
The " Christiana," with quite narrow, small leaves, and long stalks, is the finest flavored variety. "Mary" is the most profuse bearer and remarkably hardy. Greenbush is in a cold portion of the northern states - the thermometer having fallen to 14o below zero the past winter. The consequence of this was that the cherry crop was almost wholly cut off by the destruction of the germs of the flower buds in winter, while these two seedlings of Mr. Kirtland's were loaded with the heaviest crops. From this fact, and the close relation which these seedlings have to the May Duke, there is every reason to believe they may prove hardy enough to supply that place in the north and west, which the comparative failure of nearly all but the acid cherries has left vacant.
Good. We want fruits adapted to every extremity of climate and soil in our country, and good fruits too. These new varieties of the different kinds, as we occasionally find them from the productions of our enterprising pomologists, are significant of the fact that we can produce the required varieties to supply all our demands. It is to be hoped that these new cherries of Mr. Kirtland, will do good service to the public.