This section is from "The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Also available from Amazon: Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste.
IN the middle of August, a small company of eastern horticulturists spent a week very pleasantly in a visit to some of the fruit farms of the Delaware Peninsula - among them were Charles Downing, Geo. Thurber, P. T. Quinn, William Parry, Randolph Peters, and Howard M. Jenkins of the Delaware Tribune.
The first fruit farm visited was that of Randolph Peters; three miles from Wilmington is his residence and also his nursery, but his orchard is located at Newark, about fourteen miles to the west. Here upon the slope of a hill is a pear orchard of ten thousand trees, the soil is stony, yet well drained, and position elevated overlooking the county southward and eastward. The pear trees were planted nine years ago, about half standards and half dwarfs, the standards twenty feet apart, and a row of dwarfs every ten feet. The spaces between the trees have been cropped with corn regularly every year since the orchard was planted, and well manured with rotted barnyard manure. Thirty or forty varieties are grown, but the most successful varieties were Buffum, Seckel, Bartlett, Duchesse and Lawrence. The trees have done admirably, and with such apparently negligent treatment (yet Mr. Peters says it is the best to prevent blight), they have out-borne themselves with heavy crops of fruit yearly. The crop of Bartletts would average, tree after tree, twelve ounces to each pear, and in the opinion of Mr. Quinn, who had seen the same varieties in California, nothing there would equal these Delaware Bartletts in size and beauty.
The Lawrence pear, both in growth of tree and size of fruit was thought to be unusually successful, trees of six years' age fully showing as vigorous a condition and as large a size as those trees of twelve years' age nearer New York.