Ravelston Pippin, d.—Medium sized, roundish, irregularly shaped, and ribbed. Skin greenish yellow, covered with red streaks. Eye closed. Stalk short and thick. Flesh yellow, firm, sweet, and pleasantly flavoured. August.

Read's Baker. See Norfolk Beefing.

Red Astrachan, d. (Anglesea Pippin).—Medium sized, conical, and angular. Skin entirely covered with bright red on the side next the sun; deep yellow in the shade, and covered with a bloom. Stalk short, deeply inserted. Eye closed. Flesh white, and richly flavoured. Very prolific, and an excellent dessert apple. August and September.

Red Quarrenden. See Devonshire Quarrenden.

Red-Steeak, c.k. (Scudamore's Crab).—Medium sized, roundish. Skin deep yellow, and streaked all over with red. Eye small. Stalk short and slender. Flesh firm, crisp, and rather dry.

Reinette Blanche d'EsPagne, k.d. (Cobbet's Fall Pippin, Fall Pippin).—Large, roundish, oblong, angular, with broad ribs; apex nearly as broad as the base. Skin yellowish green in the shade; orange, tinged with red, next the sun; dotted with black. Stalk half an inch long, set in a small cavity. Eye large, open, deeply sunk in an irregular basin. Flesh yellowish white, crisp, tender, and sugary. One of the largest apples, and of excellent quality. November to March.

Reinette du Canada, k.d. (Portugal Russet, St. Se-lena Russet).—Large, conical, and flattened. Skin greenish yellow, brown next the sun. Stalk short, inserted in a wide hollow. Eye set in a deep, irregular basin. Flesh white, firm, and juicy. November to May.

Reinette Grise, d.—Medium sized, round, and compressed at both ends, rather broadest at the base. Skin yellowish green in the shade; dull orange, tinged with red, next the sun; covered with grey russet. Eye small, set in a rather shallow, narrow, and angular basin. Stalk short, inserted in a wide and deep cavity. Flesh yellowish white, firm, juicy, rich, and sugary, with a pleasant subacid flavour. A dessert apple of the first quality. In use from November to April.

Reinette Van Mons,d.—Below medium size,flattened, and almost oblate, having five rather obscure ribs, which terminate in distinct ridges round the eye. Skin greenish yellow in the shade, but with a dull and brownish-orange tinge next the sun; the whole surface has a thin coat-ing of brown russet. Eye closed, set in a rather deep depression. Stalk half an inch long. Flesh yellowish, tender, crisp, juicy, sugary, and aromatic. December to May.

Rhode Island Greening, k.d.—Large, roundish, and compressed. Skin dark green, changing to pale green, dullish red near the stalk, which is long, curved, and thickest at the bottom. Eye small, closed, and sunk in an open cavity. Flesh yellow, tender, crisp, juicy, rich, and aromatic. November to March.

Ribston Pippin, d. (Glory of York, Formosa Pippin, Travers' Pippin).—Medium sized, roundish, broadest at the base, irregular. Skin greenish yellow, changing when ripe to deep yellow; mottled and streaked with red and russet next the sun. Stalk half an inch long, slender, set in a wide cavity. Eye small, closed, and sunk in an irregular basin. Flesh deep yellow, fine, crisp, sharp, and richly aromatic. The king of English dessert apples. October to May.

Rook's Nest. See Aromatic Russet.

Rosemary Russet, d.—Medium sized, ovate. Skin yellow, tinged with, green, tinged with, red on the side next the sun, and covered with thin pale brown russet. Eye small and generally closed. Stalk very long. Flesh yellow, crisp, tender, very juicy, sugary, and highly aromatic. A first-rate dessert apple. In use from December to February.

Ross Nonpareil, d.—Medium sized, roundish, narrowing towards the eye. Skin covered with thin russet, with faint red next the sun. Stalk long, slender, and deeply inserted. Eye set in a shallow basin. Flesh greenish white, tender, and richly aromatic. November to April.

Round Winter Nonesuch, k.—Large, roundish, and depressed. Skin lively green, almost entirely covered with broken streaks and patches of fine deep red, and thickly strewed with russety dots; in some specimens the colour extends almost entirely round the fruit in long, broad patches. Eye large, closed, and prominetly set on the surface. Stalk short, deeply inserted in a funnel-shaped cavity. Flesh yellowish, firm, crisp, juicy, and slightly acid. A first-rate kitchen apple. In use from November to February.

Royal Pearmain, k.d. (Herefordshire Pearmain).— Rather large, oblong, and slightly angular. Skin yellowish green in the shade, and marked with russety specksj tinged with dull red next the sun, and sometimes with a few stripes of red. Eye small and open, set in a small, shallow basin. Stalk short, deeply inserted. Flesh yellowish, firm, crisp, juicy, and particularly rich and aromatic. In season from November to March.

Royal Russet, k. (Leathercoat).—Large, conical. Skin yellowish green, covered with grey russet. Stalk short-Eye small. Flesh greenish white, slightly aromatic. November to May.

Royal Somerset. See London Pippin.

Roxbury Russet. See Boston Russet.

Russetcoat Nonpareil. See Pitmaston Nonpareil.

Russet Golden Pippin. See Golden Pippin.

Russet Table Pearmain, d.—Below the medium size, oblong ovate. Skin very russety, with yellowish green shining out on the shaded side; and orange, with a flame of red breaking through the russet, on the side next the sun. Eye open. Stalk half an inch long. Flesh yellow, firm, sugary, rich, and juicy, with a pleasant perfume. A first-rate dessert apple. In use from November to February.

Russian. See Court-pendu Plat.

Russian Emperor. See Emperor Alexander.

Rymer, k.—Large, roundish, regularly formed, and angular. Skin pale yellow, tinged all over with delicate rose, and of a deep bright red next the sun. Eye open, placed in an irregular, angular basin, which is surrounded by several prominent knobs. Stalk short and deeply inserted. Flesh yellow, delicate, juicy, and briskly acid. One of the best culinary apples, admirably adapted for sauce, or for baking. In use from October to December. Tree healthy, vigorous, and an abundant bearer.