This section is from the "The Fruit Manual; Containing The Descriptions and synonymes of the fruits and fruit trees commonly met with in the gardens & orchards of Great Britain, with selected lists of those most worthy of cultivation" book, by Robert Hogg. Also available from Amazon: The Fruit Manual
Macready's Early White. See St. John's.
Madeira Muscat.—Bunches of medium size, rather compact. Berries above medium size, round. Skin red-dish-purple. Flesh very juicy and rich, with a high musky flavour.
This is an excellent grape, and ripens well in a cool vinery at the same season as the Black Hamburgh.
Madeleine. See Black July.
Madeleine Blanche do Malingre. See Early Malingre.
Madeleine Musque de Courtiller. See Early Saumur Muscat.
Madeleine Noir. See Black July.
Malaga. See Gromier du Cantal.
Malaga. See Muscat of Alexandria.
Malingre. See Early Malingre.
Marchioness of Hastings.—Bunches large, loose, and broadly shouldered. Berries upwards of an inch long and about an inch wide; oval. Skin thin, greenish white, covered with thin grey bloom. Flesh squashy and watery, without much flavour. This is an early grape, and ripens in an ordinary vinery. Its only recommendation is the size of the bunches, which may be grown to weigh four pounds.
Maroquin d'Espagne. See Black Hamburgh.
Melier Blanc Hative. See Early White Malvasia.
Merrick's Victoria. See Frankenthal.
Meunier. See Miller's Burgundy.
Mill-Hill Hamburgh.—Since the preceding portion of this work has passed through the press I have had new opportunities of examining the characters of this grape, and in addition to the distinction of foliage I find there are other differences to separate it from the Dutch Hamburgh than those mentioned at page 109. The Dutch Hamburgh has a firm, coarse flesh adhering to the skin; but that of the Mill-Hill is perfectly tender, and both in texture and flavour resembles the true Black Hamburgh, while the berries are as large and of the same shape as those of Dutch Hamburgh. It is a very fine variety, and perfectly distinct.
Muscat Citronelle.—Bunches small, and not shouldered. Berries below medium size, like those of Royal Muscadine, round. Skin thin, and somewhat transparent, white, and covered with thin bloom. Flesh very tender, juicy, and sweet, with a slight Muscat flavour. An early grape, ripening in a cool greenhouse in the middle of August.
Mill Hill Hamburgh.—This is so much like Dutch Hamburgh as not to be distinguishable from it, but there are some who maintain that they are distinct. The only difference I have ever been able to detect is, when the foliage is young that of Mill Hill appears paler and more waved than that of Dutch Hamburgh, but that character soon disappears, and the two become to all appearance the same.
Miller Grape. See Miller's Burgundy.
Miller's Burgundy (Miller Grape; Meunier; Blauer Miillerrebe).—Bunches short, cylindrical, and compact, with a long stalk. Berries small, round, inclining to oval, uniform in size, with short-warted stalks. Skin thin, black, and covered with blue bloom. Flesh red, sweet, juicy, and highly flavoured, and contains two seeds.
An excellent grape for out-door cultivation, as it ripens well against a wall. It is easily distinguished from all other grapes by its very downy leaves, which, when they are first expanded, are almost white, and this they in some degree maintain during the greater part of the season. On this account it is called "The Miller."
Mogul. See Morocco.
Money's St. Peter's. See West's St. Peter's.
Morillon Hatif. See Black July.
Morillon Noir. See Black Cluster.
Morillon Panache. See Aleppo.
Morocco (Ansley's Large Oval; Black Morocco; Black Muscadel; Le Caeur; Horsforth Seedling; Mogul; Red Muscadel).—Bunches large and shouldered. Berries of unequal size; some are large and oval. Skin thick, reddish-brown, becoming blackish-brown when fully ripe; beginning to colour at the apex and proceeding gradually towards the stalk, where it is generally paler. Flesh firm, sweet, but not highly flavoured; the small berries are generally without stones, and the large ones have rarely more than one.
This is only a second-rate grape as regards flavour. It is very late, and requires stove heat to ripen it thoroughly.
Moscatel Commun. See White Frontignan.
Moscatel Menudo. See Bed Frontignan.
Muscat of Alexandria (Alexandrian Frontignan; Malaga; Muscat of Jerusalem; Muscat of Lunel; Panse Musque; Passe Musque; Tottenham Park Muscat).—
Bunches large, long, loose, and shouldered; stalk long. Berries large, oval, unequal in size, and with long, slender, warted stalks. Skin thick, generally greenish yellow; but, when highly ripened, a fine pale amber colour, and covered with thin white bloom. Flesh firm and break-ing, not very juicy, but exceedingly sweet and rich, with a fine Muscat flavour.
A well-known and most delicious grape, requiring a high temperature to ripen it thoroughly; but it may be sufficiently ripened in a warm vinery, provided it has a high temperature at the time of flowering and while the fruit is setting. The vine is an abundant bearer, but the bunches set badly. To remedy this defect, a very good plan is to draw the hand down the bunches when they are in bloom so as to distribute the pollen, and thereby aid fertilisation.
It is this grape which furnishes the Muscatel Raisins, imported in boxes from Spain.
Muscat d'Aout. See August Muscat.
Muscat Blanc. See White Frontignan.
Muscat Fleur d'Orange. See Chasselas Musque.
Muscat Gris. See Red Frontignan.
Muscat Hamburgh (Snow's Muscat Hamburgh).— Bunches above medium size, compact, and shouldered. Berries rather large, varying from round to oval. Skin tough, but not thick, deep purplish-black, covered with thin blue bloom. Flesh tender, very juicy, rich, and sugary, with a fine Muscat aroma.
This excellent grape may be ripened in a house subjected to the same amount of heat as is generally given to the Black Hamburgh, and it has also been ripened in a cool vinery.
Muscat of Jerusalem. See Muscat of Alexandria.
Muscat de Jesus. See Chasselas Musque.
Muscat de Juillet. See July Muscat.
Muscat St. Laurent.— Bunches similar to those of Royal Muscadine. Berries small, roundish oval. Skin thin, greenish-yellow, becoming pale amber when thoroughly ripened. Flesh very tender, melting, and juicy, with a refreshing, juicy, and a distinct Muscat aroma. This variety, introduced by Mr. Rivers, that gentleman says, is very early, and will ripen on a wall with the Sweetwater. It is well adapted for pot culture in the orchard-house, and in cool vineries.
Muscat of Lunel. See Muscat of Alexandria.
Muscat de Naples. See Purple Constantia.
Muscat Noir. See Black Frontignan.
Muscat Noir d'Espagne. See Trentham Black.
Muscat Noir Ordinaire. See Black Frontignan.
Muscat Ottonel.—This is an early variety of Muscat grape, introduced by Mr. Rivers, of Sawbridgeworth, and which ripens its fruit in a cool vinery. That gentleman describes it as having a compact bunch, and round, white, and rather small berries. "A very hardy, nice Muscat grape."
Muscat Precoce d'Aout. See Early Black Muscat,
Muscat Primavis. See Chasselas Musque.
Muscat Romain. See White Romain.
Muscat Rouge. See Red Frontignan.
Muscat de Sarbelle. See Sarbelle Muscat.
Muscat de Saumur. See Early Saumur Muscat.