When selecting ground-cover plants and undergrowth plants for locations which are naturally attractive to birds, especially the game birds, it is possible to provide a more inviting "sanctuary" for these birds by the use of plants which produce food either in the way of buds and foliage, or of nuts and seeds. These plants are mostly native species and many of them are not offered in the catalogs of the growers of ornamental plants. They could be easily collected where they occur locally or secured from some of the collectors of native plants. Seeds also might be easily collected and sown where they are to grow. These game cover plants should be established in areas ranging from one hundred feet square to a number of acres, to provide combined shelter and food for several kinds of birds at one time. The location of these plantings should be chosen so that they will not need to be disturbed for some years, and will also be within easy flying distance of dense woods, if possible. An ideal location would be in a clearing entirely surrounded by woods which contain hemlocks or pines or other dense shelter.
Not only will such plants used as a bird-sanctuary attract our permanent bird residents such as the ruffed grouse, bob white, goldfinches, nuthatches, and chickadees, but they will attract many other seed-eating birds until the cold weather drives them south.