There are numerous species of trees, shrubs, and vines, which are not only useful in a decorative way, but also add much to the interest of a place, attracting the birds by their fruit. Plants found in this list are among the most important for furnishing food for birds. The names of the birds which feed upon the various fruits follow the plant list. The numbers after each plant in this list correspond with the index number of the birds in List c.

a. Fruiting in summer:

Amelanchier (in variety) - 1, 2, 5, 7,10, 12, 15, 18, 21, 26. Shad-bush Ampelopsis quinquefolia - 2, 7, 11, 14, 17,

18, 19, 26. Virginia Creeper

Aronia (in variety) - 9, 10, 12, 13. Chokeberry

Benzoin aestivale - 11, 17, 19, 26.

Spice Bush Berberis (in variety) - 5, 7, II, 14, 17, 18,

19, 26. Barberry

Celtis occidentalis - 1, 2, 5, 7, 18, 26. Nettle Tree

Cornus (in variety) - 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 12, 13, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 22, 24, 26. Dogwood

Gaultheria procumbens - 10, 13, 9, 5. Wintergreen

Lonicera (in variety) - 9, 10, 12, 13.

Honeysuckle Morus rubra - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12,

14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, 22, 24, 26. Red Mulberry

Nyssa sylvatica - 4, 12, 18, 17, 22, 26. Tupelo

Prunus (in variety) - 1, 4, 5, 7, 10, 12, 14,

15, 18, 22, 25, 26. Cherry and Plum

Rubus (in variety) - 1, 2, 12, 18, 19.

Brambles Sambucus (in variety) - 1, 2,4, 5, 7, 10, 11, 12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19, 22, 24, 26,

Elder Symphoricarpos (in variety) - 9,10,12,13.

Indian Currant and Snowberry

Vaccinium (in variety) - 4, 5, 7, 11, 12, 14, 18, 19, 26. Blueberry

Vitis (in variety) - 1, 5, 7, 11, 12, 14, 17,

18, 19, 22, 26. Grape b. Holding fruit into the winter months:

Celastrus (in variety) - 2, 11, 17, 18, 26.

Bitter-sweet Crataegus coccinea - 7, 11, 12, 18.

Scarlet-fruited Thorn

Crataegus cor data - 7, 11, 12. Washington Thorn

Crataegus crus-galli - 7, 11, 12, 18. Cockspur Thorn

Crataegus oxycantha - 7, 11, 12, 18. May Thorn

Evonymus (in variety) - 2, 18, 19, 26. Burning Bush and Spindle Tree

Ilex opaca - 2, 7, 17, 18, 26.

American Holly Ilex verticillata - 2, 7, 17, 18, 26.

Winterberry

Juniperus (in variety) - 2, 5, 6, 9, 10, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 23, 25, 26. Red Cedar

Lonicera (in variety) - 9, 10, 12, 13. Honeysuckle

Myrica cerifera - 1, 6, 7, 11, 14, 17, 18, 19, 20, 25, 26. Bayberry

Rhamnus (in variety) - 4, 5, 10, 12, 13, 14,

18, 22. Buckthorn

Rhus (in variety) - 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 14, 17, 18, 19, 20, 22, 24, 25, 26.

Sumac Sorbus (in variety) - 2, 5, 9, 10, 11, 18,

19, 26. Mountain Ash

Symphoricarpos (in variety) 9, 10, 12, 13.

Snowberry and Indian Currant Tsuga canadensis

Canadian Hemlock

Viburnum (in variety) except variety americanum - 2, 5, 7, 11, 17, 18, 19, 22, 25, 26. Viburnum

Hips of the following roses are eaten by many species of birds.

Rosa blanda Meadow Rose

Rosa Carolina Carolina Rose

Rosa lucida Glossy Rose

Rosa multiflora Japanese Climbing Rose

Rosa nitida

Shining-leaved Rose

Rosa rubiginosa

Sweet Brier Rosa rubrifolia

Red-leaved Rose

Rosa rugosa and single hybrids Japanese Rose

Rosa setigera Prairie Rose

Rosa spinosissima Scotch Rose

Rosa wichuraiana Memorial Rose c. Birds attracted by the fruit. The following is a tabulation of the interesting types of birds which are attracted by the various kinds of fruit grown on the plants in list XX-D - a and b. The numbers appearing after the names of the plants on Pages 165 and 166 refer to the numbers opposite the names of the different birds in the following list. All of these birds feed upon one or more of the kinds of fruit shown on the preceding pages.

1. Blackbird

2. Bluebird

3. Bobolink

4. Catbird

5. Cedarbird

6. Chickadee

7. Crow

8. Cuckoo

9. Finch

10. Grosbeak 11. Grouse

12. Jay

13. Junco

14. Kingbird

15. Oriole

16. Phoebe

17. Quail

18. Robin

19. Sparrow

20. Swallow

21. Tanager

22. Thrasher

23. Thrush

24. Vireo

25. Warbler

26. Woodpecker