The plants in Groups A, B, and C of this list include the hardy types of trees and shrubs. All of these types have been known to thrive under the severe exposures of lake shore and river frontage throughout the northeastern United States. Most of these plants are adapted for use on the slopes so often found along rivers and lakes.

A. Trees:

Acer ginnala

Siberian Maple Alnus glutinosa

Black Alder

Betula alba European White Birch

Betula populifolia American White Birch

Caragana arborescens Siberian Pea Shrub

Crataegus coccinea Scarlet-fruited Thorn

Crataegus oxycantha May Thorn

Elaeagnus angustifolia Russian Olive

Fraxinus americana White Ash

Juniperus communis

Common Juniper Juniperus virginiana

Red Cedar Picea alba

White Spruce Picea excelsa

Norway Spruce

Pinus banksiana

Jack Pine Pinus montana mughus

Dwarf Mountain Pine

Pinus nigra austriaca Austrian Pine

Pinus rigida Pitch Pine

Pinus sylvestris Scotch Pine

Populus balsamifera

Balsam Poplar Populus eugenei

Carolina Poplar Ptelea trifoliata

Hop Tree

Pyrus baccata

Siberian Flowering Crab

Quercus macrocarpa

Mossy Cup Oak Robinia pseudacacia

Black Locust Salix vitellina

Yellow Willow

Sorbus americana American Mountain Ash

Ulmus americana American Elm

B. Shrubs:

Cornus alba sibirica Siberian Dogwood

Eleagnus argentea

Silver Berry Myrica cerifera

Bayberry Philadelphus coronarius

Common Mock Orange Prunus maritima

Beach Plum Rhamnus cathartica

Common Buckthorn

Rhus canadensis Fragrant Sumac

Rhus glabra

Smooth Sumac Rhus typhina

Staghorn Sumac

Ribes americanum American Black Currant

Rosa rugosa Japanese Rose

Salix incana

Rosemary Willow

Shepherdia canadensis

Canadian Buffalo Berry Sorbaria sorbifolia

Mountain Ash-leaved Spirea Spiraea tomentosa

Hardhack Symphoricarpos occidentalis

Wolfberry Syringa vulgaris

Common Lilac Viburnum opulus

High-bush Cranberry

C. Fines:

Actinidia arguia

Dark-leaved Silver Vine

Actinidia polygama Silver Vine

Ampelopsis aconitifolia Cut-leaved Vitis

Ampelopsis heterophylla Asiatic Creeper

Ampelopsis quinquefolia Virginia Creeper

Celastrus scandens American Bittersweet

Lonicera japonica halliana Japanese Honeysuckle

Lycium halimifolium Matrimony Vine

Periploca graeca

Silk Vine Smilax notundifolia

Bull Brier

Vitis (in variety) Grapes