Summer care of perennials consists of removing seed stems and dead flowers. It is extremely important to remove dead flowers at once, as formation of seeds weakens a plant. And with many plants, such as the larkspur and foxglove, new flowers also will be produced if the old flowers are "removed immediately after blooming. There is a considerable difference of opinion concerning the general maintenance of the larkspur. Some persons think that the stock of this plant should be cut down to a height of four inches to six inches immediately after flowering, other persons feel that it should not be cut to a height of less than twelve inches to fifteen inches. The author's personal experience has been that if these plants are cut back immediately after flowering to a height of four inches to six inches new shoots will be developed which will not attain the height of the original plant but will develop excellent flowers during the latter part of September. Support tall-growing plants with neat stakes. In this class are asters, boltonias, and larkspurs. Do not delay the staking until the plants have begun to fall over. Bare spaces among plants in a border should be filled with annuals, if necessary, as this will not only improve the general effect but help also to keep the ground shaded and cool, and provide bright spots of colour after the first flush of bloom among the perennials is over. Bare spaces may be filled by bringing in plants from a reserve garden where they may be held in pots. New varieties of perennials and biennials should be propagated and transplanted to the bed or border to replace plants that run out or begin to fail. Seedlings will spring up from many plants, such as anemones, marguerites, hollyhocks, and campanulas, when seed pods are allowed to form. Such plants can be used to fill up open spaces.