In cases of injury to the chest, it is often found very difficult to determine whether or net the ribs are broken. When fracture has occurred, there is generally sharp pain at a definite point, which is increased by deep breathing or coughing. In cases of fracture, these symptoms are generally aggravated when the patient lies down. Sometimes grating of the ends of the bones, or crepitus, can be distinctly made out.

In doubtful cases it is best to apply a broad bandage tightly about the chest; this will usually give relief. When the fracture can be made out with certainty, strips of adhesive plaster should be applied to the affected side in the manner indicated in Fig. 371.

Fig. 371. Broad Bandage for Fracture of the Ribs.

Fig. 371. Broad Bandage for Fracture of the Ribs.