This affection may be either catarrhal or purulent in character, and in this respect may resemble either one of the two last-mentioned diseases. It occurs within a few days, or in some cases not for several weeks, after birth. The chief causes are infection of the child's eyes with the discharges of the mother, want of cleanliness, and exposure to bright lights and cold winds. The disease is generally much less severe than in purulent conjunctivitis in older persons, but, as previously remarked, it may give rise to the more serious form of the disease in either children or adults.

The Treatment of Inflammation of the Eyes in the Newly Born

By proper care, this disease may be prevented. The eyes should be washed immediately after birth, by means of clean sponges, lint, etc., the nurse being careful to cleanse her hands thoroughly before washing the child. Prompt treatment at the beginning of the affection is very important. The method of treatment is essentially the same as that described for the preceding disease. Care should also be taken to cleanse the eyes by an injection of warm water before applying the alum preparation.