This section is from the book "The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine. Volume 2.", by J. H. Kellogg, M.D.. Also available from Amazon: The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine, Volume 2.
Neuralgic pain in the affected nerve, with loss of sensation in the parts to which it is distributed; pain continuous; nerve tender; pressure upon nerve causes pain in the parts in which the nerve ends; twitching of the muscles in the affected part; generally no fever.
It is sometimes difficult to distinguish neuritis from neuralgia, since the pain of neuralgia is not infrequently caused by inflammation of the affected nerve. Recovery from neuritis is very often incomplete, the patient continuing to suffer pain in the nerve, and numbness in the parts supplied by it. Inflammation of the sciatic nerve is a common cause of obstinate sciatica, in consequence of the sheath of the nerve becoming thickened.
The most common cause of neuritis is injury of the nerve, or an inflammation of the adjacent parts. The inflammation is sometimes rheumatic in character.
Rest; ice along the course of the nerve; in case the ulnar nerve of the arm is affected, the whole arm may be enveloped in ice-cold compresses. It is also well to keep it elevated, so as to induce contraction of the blood-vessels. Hypodermic injections of ice-cold water into, or near, the nerve, and the use of a strong galvanic current, applied for half an hour once a day is effective in severe cases. Galvanism, faradization, hot sponging, fomentations, and alternate hot and cold applications, are the best remedies for the effects which may remain after the subsidence of acute inflammation.