The treatment of inflammation is essentially the same as that for active congestion, which has already been quite fully described. In inflammation, however, as the intensity of the morbid action is much greater than in simple congestion, the activity of the remedies employed should be proportionally increased. In the first stages of inflammation, cold and other agents for reducing heat and vital action should be energetically employed. The morbid tendency may bo combated not only by the local application of cold, but by derivative treatment as directed in congestion and also from reflex influence by applications to remote parts; as for example, inflammation of the brain may be treated by the application of cold, even ice to the head, and of heat to an appropriate extent. By these means the head will be cooled by the direct abstraction of heat, and also through the contraction of its blood-vessels in consequence of the stimulation of the nerve centers which control the circulation of the brain. The same means maybe employed in the treatment of inflammation of the lungs, liver, kidneys, spleen and other internal organs. When inflammation has continued until it becomes evident that suppuration must take place, it is often necessary to moderate the cold applications, and in many instances it is best to employ hot applications, and thus facilitate the suppurative process so as to hasten the termination of the disease. Care should be taken in the treatment of the inflamed parts to avoid using cold in such a manner as to produce gangrene. The color of the affected part should be frequently observed. So long as it remains of a dull red color and is hot to the touch, cold may be safely employed. Bright scarlet redness without great heat should, however, be regarded as a contra-indication for the employment of cold, as it is a primary symptom of the death of the tissue, or gangrene, and when present, hot applications should be promptly made. Blueness of an inflamed part is also an indication for the application of heat.

In severe inflammatory attacks it should be recollected that the whole system requires attention as well as the local seat of the disease. The temperature of the patient should be kept as nearly as possible at the normal standard by means of sponge baths, packs, compresses about the trunk, ice to the spine, cold baths, and the other remedies elsewhere described as useful for this purpose. The diet of the patient should be unstimulating, and at the outset of the disease restricted in amount. In the beginning of the inflammatory affection the person may, without detriment, fast for twenty-four hours, and should for a day or two take only a very little and very light food. The importance of this observation is well shown by the fact that Nature usually indicates her inability to dispose of food under these circumstances by taking away the appetite. More specific directions for the treatment of inflammatory affections of special organs are given in connection with the treatment of local diseases.