This section is from the book "The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine. Volume 2.", by J. H. Kellogg, M.D.. Also available from Amazon: The Home Hand-Book of Domestic Hygiene and Rational Medicine, Volume 2.
Keep the patient quiet in bed; apply cold over the bowels and between the thighs; administer cold enemas and cold vaginal injections. In case the hemorrhage is severe, much may be gained by tying a band tightly around one or both lower limbs, thus retaining in the legs a large amount of the venous blood. The ligature should not be retained long enough to do harm, and should be gradually removed if the limbs should become considerably swollen and purple. Compression may also be practiced by means of a pad composed of a folded towel placed over the womb. In severe cases it often becomes necessary to plug the vagina. This is best done by means of moist cotton. The cotton should be saturated with water and squeezed as dry as possible. It should then be soaked for a few seconds in a strong solution of alum and again squeezed dry. It should then be made into a number of small rolls of a size convenient for introduction, and after tying a string ten or twelve inches in length around the center of each, they should be passed into the vagina and crowded up around the neck of the uterus as tightly as possible. The whole neck of the womb should be surrounded, and the vagina should be packed as full as possible. Care should be taken that no spaces are left between the different portions of cotton, and that the whole mass is made as compact as possible. This is generally known as tamponing the vagina. The operation cannot be thoroughly done without the aid of a speculum, and hence a physician should be called in every case of uterine hemorrhage sufficiently severe to require this mode of treatment. Persistent hemorrhage also demands a thorough examination by a competent physician to ascertain the real cause of the difficulty in order to adopt the proper measures for permanent relief.