The method of getting the part to bleed is to suggest pain in the part, and the control over the blood supply to the part through the influence of the higher centers over the vasomotor neuro regulation of the blood supply is augmented. To keep it from bleeding, suggest that the part is dead, perfectly dead, and has no feeling in it. Then the higher centers seem to exert an inhibitory influence-over the flow of blood in the part with which, in suggestive anesthesia, the face pierced by a steel hat pin does not bleed - at least in nine-tenths of the cases.

"Your subject seems to be comfortable, Doctor. Now, suggest to him that when you count three he will stand up, and when you say 'stiff' that he will be as stiff as iron from head to foot. I will lay him across the chairs for you, as there is a knack that I have acquired of lifting a man in that position that makes it easy for me.

"Put your foot there, Doctor, and we will both stand upon him. Give me your hand. Tell him to be stiff - to hold strong. Now-come up gradually.

"You see he easily sustains our combined weight of over four hundred pounds in a line in the center of his body.

"Tell him to relax, sit down, sleep on. Doctor, suggest to your subject that when you rub this medicine on his arm three times it will be dead and have no feeling in it as long as he is in this room. Tell him that when he is awake you can thrust a pin in the skin of that arm while he is looking at it and he will have no feeling in it - that his arm will be perfectly dead as long as he is in this room.

"Now suggest to him that when you count three he will be wide awake, that he will feel good all over, that he will not remember anything that has been said or done while in the room, that nothing has hurt him, and that he will never have felt better in his life, that he will be glad he came up here, and will always feel better. Now count three and tell him to awake."

"All right, my man; how do you feel?"

"All right, sir."

"Has anything hurt you since you came into this room?"

"No, sir; not in the least."

"Do you see this pin?" The doctor put some medicine on your arm here and it has no feeling in it. I am going to stick it with this pin. If you feel it in the least, let me know. Now, look at it - here it goes; do you feel that?"

"Not a bit."

"That will never hurt you or never get sore in the least."

(The doctor asks if I ever have any trouble in waking a subject?) "Not in the slightest. He is in a condition of increased suggestibility, and to awake him is only to get him to act upon an idea or suggestion, and this he will do easier now than ever before, provided you make the suggestion properly.

"Occasionally it is necessary to repeat again, 'Wake up.' Rarely have I found it necessary to thump him on the face or slap him lightly, and speak more emphatically, 'Wake up!' Be calm, well poised, and self-possessed. Should you ever find a subject that any one else had hypnotized and found difficulty in awakening, either turn an interrupted current of electricity upon him or administer one-tenth of a grain of apomorphin hypodermat-ically, and see what he will do. I have never found this necessary. "

What effect does hypnotism have on the subject, is asked. "Whatever effect you suggest. The effect is determined altogether by your suggestions. Hypnotism is but the induction of a mental condition in which your suggestions will be more effective and lasting. I will cover that question in detail in my analysis of the subject later on.

"Gentleman, you notice those men go out of this room with smiles on their faces. They seem to appreciate and enjoy the experience.

"As these experiments are conducted here I regard our demonstrations as splendid mental gymnastics. Those men are sent out of here with a new element of selfhood having been aroused within them. The real man, the ideal ego, is more self-conscious of his mastery and control of mind and body, his servants, than when he came into this room. I never hypnotized an individual in my life who was not my friend after that, all because I dealt with him kindly and he appreciated it. The man himself, the real self, is not weakened and dethroned by the methods that we employ, as some would have you believe.

"When you rightly appeal to the individual, you can take his body, and stick it, stand upon it, cut it, etc., and it is all right with him, because every step you are taking is through the power possessed within him.

"How frequent it is that the operator becomes hypnotized instead of his subject, thinking that it was some power that he was exerting over the hypnotized individual, rather than the use of an inherent quality of force within the individual himself.

"It is largely a matter of confidence in human beings. Faith in your fellowman, confidence in his ability to exercise inherent potentialities that are written in his blood and chiseled in his cerebral cells, is the secret of success in this line of work, as well as an important essential in rendering genuine service to your fellowman in every department of life."

(Demonstrations Nos. 3, 4, and 5 were about like those just described, and a further report of these cases is therefore unnecessary.)

"Gentlemen, with the next subject waiting on the outside I will demonstrate another method of inducing the hypnotic condition by having him fix his eyes upon some bright object, so as to get his attention while making suggestions.

"Take this seat, my man. These are physicians, and I desire to show them how I can get a man to look at this bright collar button until his eyes become tired and how he will go to sleep in a few minutes. I will put you to sleep, and you will sleep not over live minutes and awake feeling better."

"But I do not care to go to sleep, Doctor," says the patient.

"All right, then; we will excuse you."

A physician: "Doctor Munro, I should like to see you put that man to sleep and put him through the same test as you did the others."

"I should be glad to do so, Doctor, but this man says he does not care to go to sleep, and that is the end of it so far as our efforts to hypnotize him are concerned. No one can be hypnotized against his will. Consent and co-operation are absolutely necessary, except where autosuggestion on the part of the patient can be brought into play through credulity or fear - conditions which would remove the experiment altogether from the realm of the justifiable."

The point that I have attempted to drive home upon your consciousness here is that more people will consent for the medicine to put them to sleep than will give their consent to be hypnotized; so by the use of the medicine you can accomplish results that can not be secured otherwise. It is a means to secure an end. There is no deception in it, for I tell the individual what I expect him to do, what will be the result, and what I want him to do in order that the result may be obtained. The medicine actually is the material means through which the effect is induced. It does it by the impression it makes upon the mind - the sensory nerves, if you please - and this impression reaches and influences the higher cerebral centers. It accomplishes its work in accordance with the normal physiological processes.

It may seem queer to you at first glance that we can influence the physiological processes by psychological methods. But all medicines produce their results by their influence upon function, even when taken into the stomach or applied hypodermatically. Medicine used locally as a means of suggestion is a powerful functional Stimulant. By it we can inhibit certain brain centers and call into play an increased activity of others. We quiet nervousness. we relieve pain, we restore sleep, and we encourage secretion, nutrition, and excretion.