This section is from the book "A Practitioner's Handbook Of Materia Medica And Therapeutics", by Thos. S. Blair. Also available from Amazon: A Practitioner's handbook of Materia Medica and Therapeutics.
Terebinthina, Turpentine. A valuable stimulant, hemostatic, anthelmintic, antiseptic, and counterirritant. Best exhibited in gelatine capsules and emulsion.
In small doses (I to 10 I.) a valuable stimulant in low fevers, used when the tongue is dry and red, the pulse feeble, tympanites, and the mind wandering. Give 5 I. doses every three hours, and if hemorrhage, 10 I. doses. Small doses are effective as a diuretic in atonic states of the genito-urinary tract. Fifteen I. each of turpentine and sulphuric ether, in capsules, are given in biliary calculi. In strangury, with bloody urine, give quite small doses. In typhoid, I like an emulsion made by mixing 2 f5 of turpentine with 1 K of castor oil, and rubbing up with 3 3 each of powdered acacia and white sugar and enough peppermint water to make a 4 K mixture. Shake well, and give I or 2 teaspoonfuls every three hours. Turpentine is given in case of trichina spiralis, in small and persistent doses, and in the subacute stage of dysentery, in quite small doses. One I.. doses do well with children where the trouble is due to the formation of lactic and butyric acids.
Locally, turpentine stupes, turpentine in olive oil (10 to 25%), and inhalations of the vapor from hot water and turpentine have a wide range of utility. Chian turpentine is applied t9 cancerous growths. Canada turpentine, or "balsam of fir," is a liquid oleoresin, and is sometimes used in pill form.