Chitraka

Chitraka. Vern. Chitά. Beng. Hind.

The root of Plumbago Zeylanica is said to increase the digestive power, to promote the appetite and to be useful in dyspepsia, piles, anasarca, diarrhoea, skin diseases, etc. It is much used as a stimulant adjunct to other preparations, in the form of a combination called trimada consisting of plumbago root, baberang seeds and the tubers of Cyperus rotundus (mustaka).

Nat Order Plumbaginaceae Plumbago Zeylanica Linn S 505

It enters into the composition of numerous medicines for dyspepsia. The following is an illustration. Take of plumbago root, rock salt, chebulic myrobalan, and long pepper, equal parts ; powder and mix. Dose, about forty grains.1 A favourite medicine for flatulence is an old prescription of Susruta called Shaddharana yoga. It is a powder composed of equal parts of the following substances, namely, plumbago root, indrayava seeds, root of Stephania hemandifolia (pάthά), of Picrorrhiza Kurroa (katuki), atis, and chebulic myrobalan. Dose, about a drachm.2

The root of Plumbago Zeylanica is said to exercise a beneficial effect on piles, in which disease it is given in various combinations. One mode of administering it, is as follows. An earthen jar or pot is lined in its interior with a paste of the root, and curdled milk (dadhi) or kάnjika is prepared in this pot, and taken by persons affected with haemorrhoids, and prurigo.

Plumbago root reduced to a paste is applied to abscesses with the object of opening them. It enters also into the composition of several preparations used as caustics. The following is an illustration. Take of plumbago root, root of Baliospermum mon-tanum (danti), the milky juice of Euphorbia neriifolia (snuhi), and of Calotropis procera or Hamiltonii (arka), marking nut, sulphate of iron, treacle and rock salt, equal parts; mix them together and make into a paste.3