Where a new-born infant does not breathe for some minutes after delivery, steps should be promptly taken to resuscitate it. The back should be rubbed along the spinal processes, the limbs and chest should also be rubbed, gently but firmly, and the abdomen around the cord rubbed with brandy and water. If after the lapse of five or ten minutes there are no signs of life, the cord should be cut, and the child placed in a warm bath, at the same time squeezing the limbs and chest gently. Put about as much Tartar Emetic as will lie on a three cent piece into a tumbler half full of water, and put two or three drops of this mixture into the mouth. Sometimes it is possible to inflate the lungs by placing the mouth over the child's mouth, and gently breathing, at the same time closing the nostrils with the thumb and finger to prevent the air passing out. After the lungs are filled, the chest should be gently compressed so as to imitate as nearly as possible respiration. Infants have sometimes been restored after two or three hours of apparent death, therefore efforts at resuscitation should not be given up too soon. Where there are unmistakable signs of the death of the child previous to delivery, it would of course be useless to make efforts at resuscitation.