Emplastrum Adhaesivum (surgeon's plaster).

Emplastrum Belladonnae (30%, sedative, can cause physiologic action).

Emplastrum Capsici (mildly irritant).

Emplastrum Plumbi (lead plaster, "diachylon plaster," stimulant) .

Emulsa (Emulsions) are liquid preparations in which oily substances are suspended in water by the aid of a gummy or albuminous substance.

They are made by agitation.

Six emulsa are official.

Emulsua

Dose,

5 c. c.

or

fl. 5 j

Emulsum Chloroformi

Dose,

10 c. c.

or

fl. 3 ij

Emulsum Olei Morrhuae

Dose,

10 c. c.

or

fl. 3 ij

Emulsum Olei Morrhuae cum

Hypophosphitibus

Dose,

10 c. c.

or

fl. 3 ij

Emulsum Asafoetidae

.Dose,

15 c. c.

or

fl. 3 iv

Extracta (Extracts) are solid or semi-solid concentrated preparations used mostly for internal medication and best administered in pill or capsule.

They are made by evaporating the fresh juice of a drug or by dissolving out the active principles of a drug with alcohol or water and evaporating the liquid to the proper consistency.

Twenty-eight extracta are official.

Poisonous.

Extractum Belladonnae Foliorum

Dose,

.01 gm.

or

gr. 1/6.

Extractum Cannabis Indicae

Dose,

.01 gm.

or

gr. 1/6.

Extractum Digitalis

Dose,

.01 gm.

or

gr. 1/6.

Extractum Nucis Vomicae

Dose,

.01 gm.

or

gr. 1/6.

Extractum Physostigmatis

Dose,

.01 gm.

or

gr. 1/6.

Extracturn Stramonii

Dose,

.01 gm.

or

gr. 1/6.

Extractum Opii

Dose,

.03 gm.

or

gr. 1/2.

Extractum Rhamni Purshianae

Dose,

.05 gm.

or

gr. j

Extractum Hyoscyami

Dose,

.05 gm.

or

gr. J

Non-Poisonous.

Extractum Euonymi ........................

..Dose,

.10 gm.

or

gr. ij

Extractum Ergotae ..........................

...Dose,

.25 gm.

or

gr. iv

Extractum Rhamni Purshianae

Dose,

.25 gm.

or

gr. iv

(Cascara Sagrada) Extractum Sumbul .............

.Dose,

.25 gm.

or

gr. iv

Extractum Colocynthidis Compositum .................................

.. Dose,

.25 gm.

or

gr. iv

Fluidextracta (Fluidextracts) are concentrated liquid preparations of organic drugs, mostly for internal administration, and made of such strength that one cubic centimeter shall represent the medicinal properties of one gram of the drug.

They are made by percolating a finely divided drug in a menstruum containing more or less alcohol and then concentrating the percolate to the required strength.

Eighty-five fluidextracta are official.

Poisonous.

Fluidextractum Aconiti

Dose,

.05

c. c.

or

M j

Fluidextractum Belladonnae

Radicis

Dose,

.05

c. c.

or

M j

Fluidextractum Cannabis Indicae

Dose,

.05

c. c.

or

M j

Fluidextractum Digitalis

Dose,

.05

c. c.

or

M j

Fluidextractum Gelsemii .

Dose,

.05

c. c.

or

M j

Fluidextractum Lobeliae

Dose,

.05

c. c.

or

M j

Fluidextractum Nucis Vomicae

Dose,

.05

c. c.

or

M j

Fluidextractum Stramonii

Dose,

.05

c. c.

or

M j

Fluidextractum Phytolaccae

Dose,

.10

c. c.

or

M iss

Fluidextractum Seillae

Dose,

.10

c. c.

or

M iss

Fluidextractum Colchici Seminis

Dose,

.20

c. c.

or

M iij

Fluidextractum Conii

Dose,

.20

c. c.

or

M iij

Fluidextractum Hyoscyami

Dose,

.20

c. c.

or

M iij

Fluidextractum Convalariae

Dose,

.50

c. c.

or

M viij

Fluidextractum Guaranae

Dose,

2

c. c.

or

fl. 3 ss

Fluidextractum Pilocarpi

Dose,

2.

c. c.

or

fl. 3 ss

Non-Poisonous.

Fluidextractum Euonymi ....

Dose,

.5

c. c

or

M viij

Fluidextractum Podopliylli ..

Dose,

.5

c. c

or

M viij

Fluidextractum Cubebae .....

Dose,

1.

c. c.

or

M xv

Fluidextractum Rhamni Pur-shianae (Cascara Sagrada)

Dose,

1.

c. c.

or

M xv

Fluidextractum Rhamni Pur-shianae Aromaticum ....

Dose,

1.

c. c.

or

M xv

Fluidextractum Buchu ......

Dose,

2.

c. c.

or

fl. 3 ss

Fluidextractum Ergotae

Dose,

2.

c. c.

or

fl. 3 ss

Fluidextractum Glycyrrhizae .

Dose,

2.

c. c.

or

fl. 3 ss

Fluidextractum Hamamelidis Foliorum ..............

Dose,

2.

c. c.

or

fl. 3 ss

Fluidextractum Hydrastis ...

Dose,

2.

c. c.

or

fl. 3 ss

FluidextractumSennae

Dose,

2.

c. c.

or

fl. 3 ss

Fluidextractum Sumbul .....

Dose,

2.

c. c.

or

fl. 3 ss

Fluidextractum Viburni Prunifolii

Dose,

2.

c. c.

or

fl. 3 ss

Fluidextractum Spigeliae ....

Dose,

5.

c. c.

or

fl. 3 j

Fluidextractum Tritici .....

Dose,

10.

c. c.

or

fl. 3 ij

Glycerita (Glycerites) are mixtures of medicinal substances with glycerine, generally for external use. They are made by solution.

Six glycerita are official.

Glyceritum Phcnolis (20%). Glyceritum Acidi Tannici (20%). Glyceritum Hydrastis. Glyceritum Boroglycerini. Glyceritum Amyli.

Infusa (Infusions) are weak liquid preparations for internal administration, made of 5 per cent, strength of the substance unless otherwise ordered.

They are made by treating a drug with hot or cold water.

Three infusa are official.

Infusum Digitalis...........Dose, 10. c. c. or fl. 3 ij

Linimenta (Liniments) are mostly liquid preparations for external use.

They are made by solution. Eight linimenta are official.

For Sedative Action.

Linimentum Belladonnae. Linimentum Calcis (carron oil).

For Stimulant Action.

Linimentum Camphorae (weakest).

Linimentum Saponis.

Linimentum Ammoniae.

Linimentum Terebinthinae (semi-solid).

Linimentum Chloroformi.

Linimentum Saponis Mollis (strongest).

Liquores (Liquors) are solutions of non-volatile sub-stances in water, and are for both internal and external use. They are made by:

1. Simple solution.

2. Chemical reaction. Twenty-five liquores are official.

Poisonous.

Liquor Arseni et Hydrargyri Iodidi (Donovan's Solution) (contains 1% each of iodide of arsenic and red iodide of mercury) ...

Dose,

.1

c. c. or

M iss

Liquor Ammonii Acetatis

(Fowler's Solution) (contains 1% of trioxide of arsenic)

Dose,

.2

c. c. or

M iij

Non-Poisonous.

Liquor Potassii Hydroxidi

(6%) .................:

Dose,

1.

c. c. or

M xv

Liquor Sodii Phosphatis Compositus ..................................

Dose,

10.

c. c. or

fl. 3 ij

Liquor Ammonii Acetatis

(Spirits of Mindererus) ..

Dose,

15.

c. c. or

fl. 5 iv

Liquor Calcis ....................................

Dose,

15.

c. c. or

fl. 3 iv

Liquor Magnesii Citratis (effervescing) (prepared in bottles holding 360 c. c.

(12 fluid ounces) )......Dose, 1/2 to the whole of the contents of the bottle.

Use Externally.

Liquor Antisepticus (mild alkaline for gargles, etc.). Liquor Cresolis Compositus

(50%), (for vaginal douche, etc.)............Must be diluted.

Liquor Formaldehydi (37%). Must be diluted. Liquor Iodidi Compositus

(Lugol's Solution) (for local application). Liquor Plumbi Subacetatis

("Goulard's Solution")

(to be diluted to 5% for external application). Liquor Sodae Chlorinatae ("Labarraque's Solution").

Massae (Masses) are semi-solid preparations of a proper consistency to roll into pills.

They are made by mechanical mixture and chemical reaction.

Two massae arc official.

Massa Ferri Carbonatis......Dose, .25 gm. or gr. v.

Massa Hydrargyri..........Dose, .25 gm. or gr. v.

Mella (Honeys) are thick, liquid preparations with honey as a base.

They are made by mechanical mixture.

Three mella are official, and may be used as excipients.

Misturae (Mixtures) are liquid preparations containing substances held in suspension in water.

They are made by mechanical mixture and chemical reaction.

Four misturae, are official.

Mistura Rhei et Sodae.......

Dose,

5.

c. c.

or

fl. 3 j

Mistura Glycyrrhizae Compo sita (Brown Mixture) . . .

Dose,

5.

c. c.

or

fl. 3 j

Mistura Cretae (Chalk Mix ture) ..................

Dose,

10.

c. c.

or

fl. 3 ij

Mucilagines (Mucilages) are solutions of gum in water. they are weak preparations used to soothe membranes or to suspend insoluble substances or oils in mixtures.

They are made by solution.

Four mucilagines are official.

Mucilago Acacias ...........Dose, 10. c. c. or fl. 3 ij or more

Mucilago Tragacanthae ......Dose, 10. c. c. or fl. 3 ij or more

Oleata (Olcalcs) are combinations of medicinal sub stances with oleic acid, intended for external use.

They are made by solution and mechanical mixture. Five oleaia are official.

Oleatum Atropinae (2%). Oleatum Cocainae (5%). Oleatum Hydrargyri (20%).

Oleoresinae (Oleoresins) are extracts containing a volatile oil and a resin, and are intended for internal admin istration, though more or less irritant.

They arc made by the artion of ether on certain crude drugs.

Six oleoresinoe are official.

Oleoresina Cubebae .........Dose, .50 gm. or gr. viiss

Oleoresina Aspidii ..........Dose, 2. gm. or 5 ss

Olea (Oils) are either volatile or fixed. The volatile oils are irritant and active; the fixed oils are bland and harmless.

They are made by distillation or expression.

Forty-five olea are official.

A large number of volatile oils are used for flavoring.

Oils Used Internally.

Oleum Tiglii (croton oil)

Dose,

.05

c. c.

or

M j

Oleum Eucalypti

Dose,

.50

c. c.

or

M viij

Oleum Santali

Dose,

.50

c. c.

or

M viij

Oleum Gaultheriae (winter green oil)

Dose,

1.

c. c.

or

M xv

Oleum Terebinthinae Rectificatum (turpentine)

Dose,

1.

c. c.

or

M xv

Oleum Morrhuae (cod liver oil) ..................

Dose,

10.

c. c.

or

fl. 3 ij

Oleum Ricini (castor oil)...

Dose,

15.

c. c.

or

fl. 3 iv

Oils and Fats Used Externally.

Oleum Sinapis Volatile (mustard oil).

Oleum Hedeomse (pennyroyal oil).

Oleum Betulae.

Oleum Gossypii Seminis (cotton-seed oil).

Oleum Lini (linseed oil).

Oleum Olivae (sweet oil).

Oleum Cadinum.

Oleum Terebinthinse.

Oleum Theobromatis (cacao butter).

Pilulae (Pills) are small, solid, medicated bodies, usually spherical in shape, for internal administration. Fourteen pilulae are official.

To Act On the System.

Pilulae Asafoetidae (each contains .20 gm. (gr. iii) of asafoetida) ...................

Dose,

one

pill.

Pilulae Ferri Carbonatis

(Blaud), (each pill represents .065 gm. (gr. i) of iron) .......................

Dose

one

pill.

Pilulae Opii (each contains .065 gm. (gr. i) of opium) .

. .. Dose,

one

pill.

Pilulae Phosphori (each contains .0006 gm. (1-100 gr.) of phosphorous ..................

Dose

one

pill.

To Act on the Bowels.