In cases of continued oozing from small points in the skin or mucous membranes, such as occurs after leech-bites, a finely-pointed stick of nitrate firmly pressed on the part is a good astringent. In bleeding from the mucous membrane of the bladder, such as accompanies vesical tumor, injections should be made, beginning with weak solutions, and increasing the strength by degrees if necessary. Mr. Christopher Heath speaks highly of this plan, and I have seen several instances of its successful use in his hands.