This herb grows on mountains, and on pine plains where the Boxberry or Checkerberry is found. It is an evergreen, and grows from three to six inches high, has a number of dark green leaves about half an inch wide and from one to two inches long, with a scolloped edge; bears several brown seeds resembling allspice. The tops and roots are used for medicine. The roots, when chewed, are very pungent, and will be felt for several hours on the tongue as though burnt. A strong tea made of this plant is good for cancer and all scrofulous humors, by drinking the tea and bathing with it the parts affected. (1)

This is a well known evergreen herb, growing wild in the woods, and frequently spoken of as ground holly. As a remedy for dropsy and kidney troubles it has long enjoyed a good reputation. Its peculiar tonic and alterative properties, combined with a small amount of astringency, render it valuable in weakness of the kidneys and bladder. Combined with poke berries and American sarsaparilla, as a syrup, with a little citrate of lithia added, it is most excellent in rheumatism. A small amount of pipsissewa added to the compound syrup of yellow dock will add to the efficiency of that preparation in scrofulous and other blood troubles, where the urinary organs are particularly weak.

The leaves are a mild stimulating and relaxing alterative, influencing especially the glandular system, the lymphatics and secrements.

As a good cleansing agent it carries off effete matter and relieves the liver, kidneys and skin. In scrofula it is one of the best agents. Should be used very freely.

In phthisis and cancer it assists much in the relief of the blood current from impurities and waste material. In dropsy it relieves and tones the kidneys. In gonorrhoea it is soothing to the mucous membrane and cleansing to the blood current. In syphilis it is of no little importance, but in certain stages, may have to be combined with more stimulating agents. It is also useful in vaginal and uterine weakness, and in leucorrhoea; in rheumatism, especially when it arises from some impurities of the blood; in cystic catarrh, spermatorrhoea, typhoid and other fevers; in urinary obstructions, and coughs and colds. It is valuable not only for its alterative influence but for its diuretic action in cleansing the mucous membrane of accumulated solids or mucous. Combined with uterine tonic it does well in leucorrhoea and gonorrhoea. In depressed and very debilitated cases it is best that more stimulating agents be added. Combined with syrup macrotys you have a good remedy for coughs and colds.