(From Fames 3801 to eat; because it is the stimulus to eat;. Hunger; that peculiar sensation of the stomach which excites a desire for food, according to Willis, arising from acid effluvia, and vapours, affecting the animal spirits in the left orifice of the stomach, and its nerves; and by consent of continuity, the internal coat of the stomach itself and throat; an impression communicated to the brain, by which the animal spirits are in like manner affected. Thus, when the stomach is empty, or when we fast longer than ordinary, it is common to say that the stomach pinches us. But as the liver is not at that time sustained by the stomach and intestines, it descends by its own weight; and, principally by means of its middle ligament, pulls the diaphragm along with it: it is in that place, therefore, that we have this uneasy sensation, and not at the superior orifice of the stomach, as is generally thought. See Haller's Physiology.

Some physiologists have attributed hunger to the stimulus of the gastric juice; yet all these opinions have little foundation. The theory of Willis is purely hypothetical, and the second rests on an erroneous idea of the anatomy of the parts. The third is the most plausible; but we have had reason to think, that this supposed powerful agent is only the remains of former meals. Dr. Cullen, with more reason, attributes hunger to the uneasy contraction of this viscus, when no longer distended. It is evidently a sensation peculiarly nervous, since the greatest desire of food at once vanishes, if any cause of grief or of the other depressing passions should supervene. The first effect of fever, which we shall find to proceed from a sudden debility of the sensorial power, has a similar effect. Van Hel-mont relates an accident that happened to himself, which will illustrate this opinion. He was going abroad to dinner, when, from accident, he dislocated his ancle. His appetite immediately left him; but was restored when his joint was replaced, though the pain continued for some time with little alteration.

When animals die for want of food, their death is not directly the consequence of hunger, but a putrid fever, which is excited by the blood's losing its bland gelatinous consistence, for want of the usual necessary-supplies.

Fames canina. See Boulimus. Famigeratissimum Emplastrum,(from famigeratus, renowned, from Jama, fame, and gero, to bear). A plaster used in intermittent fevers, made of aromatic irritating substances, and applied to the wrists. It is thus named for its excellence.