Gabianum Oleum

See Petroleum vulgare.


See Myrrha. Gabrien. See Beta. Gacirma. See Cumana. Gagel. See Myrtus Brabantica. Galactia, and Galactirrhoe'a, (from Gabirea 3827 lac, and fluo). An excess or overflowing of milk.


(From Galactina 3829 lac). See Lacticinia.


A fossil employed by the ancients, sometimes as an astringent, but more frequently as a promoter of the secretion of milk, Pliny xxvii. 59. It derives its name not from its colour, but from its whiteness when triturated with water, Dioscorides lib. v. c. 150; and seems to be the same with the morochites of Pliny, Galactites 3830 of the Egyptians, the moroxite of Karsten. The ancients discovered it in Egypt on the banks of the Nile. Abilgaard found it to contain sixty parts of lime, twenty of alumine, four of magnesia, and four of carbonic acid. It differs from the dolomie in having a less proportion of the acid, and no iron. Galactodes, (from the same,) milk-warm, and a milky colour. Hippocrates.


And Galactopoietica Medicamenta, (from Galactophora 3831 milk, and or Medicines which increase the milk. No medicine seems to have a specific power on these glands; and the only means of increasing the milk is a diet as nutritious, and in such quantity as the stomach can bear; with ease and tranquillity of mind. To force food and drink, in order to increase the milk, will occasion uneasiness and indigestion, and obviate the intention we mean to promote.

Galactophori Ductus

(From the same). The lacteals. See Lactea vasa.


(From Galactoposia 3834 milk, and to drink). The method of curing by a milk diet.

Galaena Inanis

Bismuth. See Bismuthl'm.


Galangal; the roots of the maranta galanga Lin. Sp. Pl. 3; a grassy leafed plant, which grows in China, and in the East Indies. The dried roots are brought into Europe in pieces of about an inch thick; branched, full of knots and joints, with several circular rings, of a reddish brown colour on the outside, and of a pale red within.

This root hath an aromatic smell and bitterish biting taste; but the heat and pungency are superior to the bitter. Dr. Lewis observes, that the pungent matter appears to be of the same nature with that of pepper; that it resides not in the volatile oil, but in a resinous matter. Neumann thinks that it resembles ginger in its smell, taste, and chemical composition, but is less agreeable. It is used like the other spices in palsy and every species of debility.

There is a galanga major called acori radix, from a variety of the same species, weaker and much more disagreeable. See Lewis's Materia Medica. Neumann's Chemical Works.