(From lentisco, from the clamminess of its juice). Mastiche; the lentisk or mastich tree, pistachia lentiscus Lin. Sp. Pl. 1455, is an evergreen, with soft branches hanging downwards, and small stiff leaves pointed at both ends. Some trees produce reddish flowers, others blackish berries with white kernels: each is a native in the southern parts of Europe, but bear the usual winters of our climate. We chiefly receive it from Aleppo and Smyrna, but in Turkey, where it grows, plantations are made for the sake of the resinous gum, called mastich; though the Indian mastic is called moll. It is obtained from incisions made in the trunks, and flows in drops in August. The wood is sometimes brought from Marseilles, in thick knotty pieces, covered with a brownish bark; internally of a whitish or a pale yellowish colour.
The wood is mildly balsamic and astringent; the small tough sprigs are stronger than the larger ones, and the bark is more so than either. No part is of much value in medicine; though a decoction of the wood hath obtained the name of aurum potabile. The wood itself has been highly extolled in dyspepsia, gout, haemorrhages, and dysentery. The resin, usually called gum mastich, by means of gum arabic, is rendered miscible with water, and supposed to possess the virtues of turpentine, and is sometimes used as a masticatory. See Lewis's Materia Medica; Neumann's Chemical Works.
Lentiscus foliis spinosis, flore spicato, etc. See