The myrtle; myrrhine, because it smells like myrrh.

Myrtus Brabantica and Avglica, called also rhus myrtifclia Belgica, myrica gate Lin. Sp. Pl. 1543, rhus sylveslris; acaron; frutex odoratus sefitentriona-lium elcagnus charntltagnus Dodonaei. Gaule, sweet willow, Dutch myrtle, is a small shrub much branched, with smooth, oblong, whitish green leaves, somewhat pointed, or converging at each end; among which arise pedicles, bearing scaly cones, which include the seeds, one little seed being lodged in each scale. It grows wild in uncultivated watery places, in many parts of England, flowers in May or June, ripens its seeds in August, and loses its leaves in winter. The leaves, flowers, and seeds, have a strong fragrant smell, and a bitter taste: they are used to destroy moths and cutaneous insects; sometimes to preserve malt liquor; but they render it very inebriating. An infusion taken inwardly is said to destroy worms, and strengthen the stomach. This plant has been highly esteemed, but is little valued in this kingdom. See Raii Historia Plan-tarum; Lewis's Materia Medica.

Myrtus communis Italica . Common myrtle; myrtus communis Lin. Sp. Pl. 673, var.γ, is an evergreen shrub, with oblong leaves, pointed at both ends, inthe bosoms of which spring solitary white pentapetalous flowers, followed by black, oblong, urn-bilicated berries, full of white crooked seeds. It is a native of the southern parts of Europe; the berries, which are called myrtilla, rarely come to perfection with us, and they are usually supplied by those of the vaccinium myrtillus Lin. Sp. Pl. 498.

The berries are recommended in alvine and uterine fluxes, and disorders from laxity and debility; they have a roughish, not unpleasant, taste, and are accompanied with a sweetish aromatic flavour. The leaves are astringent, and, if rubbed, yield an aromatic flavour. See Raii Historia; Lewis's Materia Medica.

Myrtus pimenta vel Jamaicensis. See Piper Jamaicensis.