The little United Kingdom just described, with less than 38,000,000 people and of diminutive area, is but the head of the gigantic body of the British Empire, the entire population of which, since the annexation of the South African Republics, in 1900, is over 381,000 000 souls, with a teritory covering about 11,500,000 square miles. The East Indian possessions of the British Empire alone embrace an area larger than the whole continent of Europe, exclusive of Russia. Her North American possessions are larger still, and, including Hudson Bay and the Great Lakes, cover an area greater than all Europe. The possessions in Australasia are next in size, embracing the great Island of Australia, which like Canada is divided into provinces with their provincial and central legislative bodies ; the islands of New Zealand and Borneo are other important British Colonies. Since the Boer-British War of 1899-1900-01 England's hold upon the Continent of Africa is supreme, and her subject territory there is of vast dimensions. How this stupendous empire has been built, together with the area and population of the different sections, is shown by the following table:

Colonies and Dependencies

Continents

Square Miles

How Obtained

When

Population

Europe:

Gibraltar.............

2

Conquest

1704

25,869

Malta, etc..............

122

Treaty cession

1814

165,662

Asia: India (including Burmah) . .

1,800,258

Conquest..................

{Transfer from East India Co.

Begun 1757} 1858

287,223,431

Ceylon....................

25,365

Treaty cession...... ...

180I

3,008,239

Cyprus...............

3,584

Convention with Turkey . . .

1878

187,000

Aden and Socotra

3,070

(Aden) conquest..........

1839

44,000

Straits Settlements.....

I,500

Treaty cession..............

1785-1824

506,577

Hong Kong...................

30 1/2

Treaty cession..............

1841

221,441

Labuan

31

Treaty cession..............

1846

5,853

British North Borneo ....

31,000

Cession to Company

1877

15(5,000

Africa :

Cape Colony............

221,310

Treaty cession.......'.

1588-1814

1,527,224

Natal

21,150

Annexation.........

1843

543.913

St. Helena

47

Conquest..........

1673

4,116

Ascension

38

Annexation.........

1815

200

Sierra Leone

15,000

Settlement.........

I787

300,000

British Guinea, Gold Coast, etc

339,900

Treaty cession........

1872

23,455,000

Mauritius, etc.............

1,063

Conquest and cession ....

1810-1814

392,500

British South and East Africa

1,989,247

Conquest and cession ....

1870-1890

I4,9II,000

America :

Canada Proper............

370,488

Conquest..............

I759-601

New Brunswick............

28,200

Treaty cession............

1763

Nova Scotia...........

20,907

Conquest..................

1627

Manitoba...............

73,956

Settlement................

1813

4.833.239

British Columbia, etc. . .

383,300

Transfer to Crown.............

1858

Northwest Territories ....

3,257,500

Charter to Company..................

1670

Prince Edward Island ....

2,133

Conquest........

1745.

Newfoundland................

42,200

Treaty cession.............

1713

198,000

British Guiana.......

76,000

Conquest and cession ....

1803-1814

282,000

British Honduras......

7,562

Conquest....................

1798

28,000

Jamaica..........

4,193

Conquest....................

1655

581,000

Trinidad and Tobago ....

1,754

Conquest....................

1797

205,000

Barbadoes................

166

Settlement...................

1605

172,000

Bahamas .......

5.794

Settlement...................

1629

48,000

Bermuda...............

41

Settlement...................

1612

16,000

Other Islands.......

8,742

255,000

Australasia : New South Wales ...

310,700

Settlement..............

- I788

1,132,234

Victoria.......,

87,884

Settlement...................

1832

1,140,405

South Australia ...

903,690

Settlement...................

1836

320,431

Queensland...............

668,497

Settlement...................

1824

393,718

Western Australia ....

975,876

Settlement...................

1828

49,782

Tasmania................

26,215

Settlement...................

1803

146,667

New Zealand ....

104,032

Purchase...................

1845

626,658

Fiji......

7.423

Cession from the natives . . .

1874

125,402

New Guinea (British) ....

234,768

Annexation...................

1884

350,000

*Statistics for Orange Free State and South African Republic not yet available.