All together the Republic of France controls approximately sixty-three and a quarter million people, and three and one-half millions of square miles of territory. But France proper, without her colonies, has only 38,517,975, and 204,177 square miles. The home territory is bounded on the north by the English Channel; on the west by the Bay of Biscay ; on the south by Spain and the Mediterranean Sea; and on the east by Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, and Italy. Religion, Roman Catholic. About 693,000 Protestants. Government - Republican. Executive, the President of the Republic. Legislative, the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies, the former composed of 300 members, and the latter of 584 members. Education is entirely under Government supervision, and the , schools rank among the best in the world. The Republic of France has been, for hundreds of years, one of the great powers of Europe. The geographical situation of the country is admirably adapted for political and commercial eminence. It is crossed on the north by the parallel of latitude which forms a part of the northern boundary of the United States. Its frontiers are open to the sea and its plains are fertile. The larger rivers are navigable for a considerable distance inland and are connected by canals. More than one-half of all the land is under cultivation, and its splendid climate has given this country the name of " Sunny France." Among its chief manufactures are silk, lace, ribbons, jewelry, and perfumery. Wine-making is one of the most profitable industries of France.

The French people are noted for their politeness, intelligence, gaiety and taste. They are very patriotic, possess a great national pride, and seldom emigrate. Their love of home has undoubtedly done much to give England an advantage over France as a colonizing nation.

The chief city and capital of France is Paris, the most beautiful city in the world, with its broad streets, smooth pavements, stately trees, and miles upon miles of magnificent buildings and palaces, surrounded by gardens, fountains, and Statues. This city sets the fashions for the world, and is its mart for fancy goods. The largest library in the world is at Paris, and here, also, may be said to be the headquarters for the study of the mental and psychic sciences, as well as of chemistry and art. The Louvre, formerly a royal palace, contains the most extensive collection of modern pictures and sculptures in the world. .

The foreign possessions of France are located in South America, Asia, Africa, and also many islands, the principal divisions, with statistics, being as follows :

Countries.

Popula-tion.

Square Miles.

Capital Cities.

Algeria..........................................

Semega;. etc..................................

Tunis..................................

Cayenne.........................................

Cambodia......................................

Cochin-China................................

Tonquin.........................................

New Caledonia.............................

Tahiti ...............................

Sahara..........................................

Madagascar..................................

3,870,000

183,287

1,500,000

26,502

1,500,000

1,223,000

2,000,000

62,752

12.800

1,000,000

3 500,000

260,000

580,000

45,000

46,697

32,254

13,692

60.000

7,624

462

1,550,0(0

230,000

Algiers. St. Louis. Tunis.

Cayenne. Saigon.

......................

Hanoi. Noumea.

................ ......

.......................

Antananarivo

Since the establishment of the French Republic in 1870, there have been seven presidents : Thiers, McMahon, Grevy, Car-not, Perier, Faure, L,oubet. The present ruler, Emile Loubet, was elected February 18, 1899, to succeed President Faure, who died suddenly the night before.