In Fig. 89 is shown the floor plan of a school building fitted with separate girls' and boys' rooms communicating with each classroom. In addition to the children's toilet rooms one is provided for the teachers also, which is accessible from the main hall. It will be observed that to reach the toilet rooms the pupils have to pass through a wardrobe. By this arrangement any embarrassment due to self consciousness is relieved, and at the same time, owing to the two doors which sound will have to pass through, it is pretty well deadened. It might seem unnecessary to point out that in planning work on this order noiseless combinations should be specified so that the original noise will be reduced to the minimum.

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Fig. 89

FIRST FLOOR PLAN OF ADAMS SCHOOL CE.DAR RAP1DS IA. SHOWING ALTERATIONS IN CLOSETS AND WARDROBES TO FIT BUILDING FOR TOILET SYSTEM ATTACHED TO EACH SCHOOL ROOM

There are no urinals used in this system of school plumbing, but the boys' closets are fitted with self-raising seats which remain up when not in use. In the lower grades low closets, 12 inches high, may be used.

Ventilation is necessary in installments of this kind, and in the present case is obtained by means of local vents connected to the shafts against which the closets are backed. These shafts are heated with steam coils to insure a positive draft.

Owing to the fact that this building was an alteration the water closets could not be placed in rooms having windows opening to the outer air. This objection has been overcome, however, in the typical floor plan illustrated in Fig. 90, which shows the arrangement favored by the schoolboard of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, where the method was first tried out. The schools in which this system is used are all grammar or grade schools, taking pupils up to fourteen years of age, and the system for such schools can be pronounced a success. It is conducive to better morals, discipline and sanitation, and the pupils can be trained in the proper use of plumbing fixtures if they do not get that training at home. It cuts out a source of moral contamination that exists in the congregate-closet system, where a score or more children can meet at any time to learn all sorts of evil as well as do damage and commit nuisance with little fear of detection.

On the whole, the sanitary arrangements for young school children should be as clean, bright, attractive and perfect as they and the surroundings can be be made. There is no logic or sense in the old argument that children will destroy good fixtures. It is only the dirty, filthy and ugly that children destroy; they kill snakes, lizards, toads, other reptiles, but never destroy pretty flowers, delicate china ware or pretty pictures. But even though there was a latent vandalism in childhood to guard against, why not provide elevating instead of degrading fixtures and rooms, then put in a matron in the girls' toilet and monitor in the boys' to see that no damage is done? Hotels, steam-ships, railroad stations and large department stores find it necessary to place the toilet rooms for grown-up people in charge of overseers, why should more care and intelligence be expected of children? The logical thing to do is to provide the very best which will tend to elevate the children, then put somebody in charge so they can do no harm.

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Fig. 90

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