Soil and Waste Pipe Fittings. One-quarter and one-sixth, and one-eighth and one-sixteenth cast iron soil pipe bends or elbows are shown in Figs. 47 and 48 respectively, and long one-quarter and one-eighth bend in Figs. 49 and 50.

Drainage Fittings 88Drainage Fittings 89

Fig. 47.

Drainage Fittings 90Drainage Fittings 91

Fig. 48.

Quarter bends with heel and side outlets are shown in Figs. 51 and 52.

A long quarter turn or sanitary bend is shown in Fig. 53.

Figures 54, 55 and 56 show a T-branch soil pipe with left-hand inlet, a sanitary T-branch with right-hand inlet and a Y-branch with right-hand inlet, respectively.

Drainage Fittings 92

Fig. 49.

Drainage Fittings 93

Fig. 50.

A plain T-branch, a sanitary T-branch, a Y-branch and a half Y-branch are shown in Figs. 57, 58, 59 and 60.

Drainage Fittings 94

Fig. 51.

Drainage Fittings 95

Fig. 52.

Drainage Fittings 96

Pig. 53.

Drainage Fittings 97

Fig. 54.

Drainage Fittings 98

Fig. 55.

Drainage Fittings 99

Fig. 56.

Drainage Fittings 100

Fig. 57.

Drainage Fittings 101

Fig. 58.

A plain T-branch, a sanitary T-branch, a cross and a sanitary cross all tapped for iron pipe are shown in Figs. 61 and 62.

Drainage Fittings 102

Fig. 59.

Drainage Fittings 103

Fig. 60.

Drainage Fittings 104Drainage Fittings 105

Fig. 61.

A plain cross, a sanitary cross, a double Y-branch and double half Y-branch are shown in Figs. 63, 64, 65 and 66.

Drainage Fittings 106Drainage Fittings 107

Fig. 62.

Drainage Fittings 108

Pig. 63.

Drainage Fittings 109

Fig. 64.

A ventilating cap and a Y-saddle hub are illustrated in Fig. 67, and half Y-saddle hub and a T-saddle hub in Fig. 63.

Drainage Fittings 110

Fig. 65.

Drainage Fittings 111

Fig. 66.

A ventilating branch tapped for iron pipe, an inverted Y-branch and a plain ventilating branch pipe are shown in Figs. 69, 70 and 71.

Drainage Fittings 112Drainage Fittings 113

Fig. 67.

Drainage Fittings 114Drainage Fittings 115

Fig. 68.

Drainage Fittings 116

Pig. 69.

Drainage Fittings 117

Fig. 70.

A T-branch, a sanitary T-branch and a Y-branch with trap-screw are shown in Figs. 72, 73 and 74.

Drainage Fittings 118

Fig. 71.

Drainage Fittings 119

Fig. 72.

Drainage Fittings 120

Fig. 73.

Drainage Fittings 121

Fig. 74.