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Practical Up-To-Date Plumbing | by George B. Clow



The fact that plumbing during the past ten years has reached a most remarkable stage of development in the construction of improved systems of sewerage, house drains, ventilation and fixtures, is due to several causes. In the first place, the manufacturers of plumbing supplies in their pursuit of commercial supremacy have employed a number of sanitary engineers, who by experimenting and investigation, have perfected systems and fixtures which are a preventative against the dangers of sewer gas and their subsequent results, such as typhoid, scarlet fever, dysentery, etc., coming as they frequently do from no apparent cause, as far as modern science will permit...

TitlePractical Up-To-Date Plumbing
AuthorGeorge B. Clow
PublisherFrederick J. Drake & Co.
Year1914
Copyright1914, Frederick J. Drake & Co.
AmazonPractical Up-To-Date Plumbing
Practical Up To Date PlumbingPractical Up To Date Plumbing 2

Over 250 Illustrations

Practical Up To Date Plumbing 3
-House Drainage
The fact that plumbing during the past ten years has reached a most remarkable stage of development in the construction of improved systems of sewerage, house drains, ventilation and fixtures, is due ...
-Backwater Traps
Backwater gate valves, are used on house drainage systems, where the street sewers are so small that excessive rain storms flood the system, and back up into the house drain pipe. The body of the valv...
-Disposal Of Sewage
The disposal of sewerage in districts where there are no public sewers at hand is often a matter of difficulty. Formerly, it was believed that if a running body of water, river or creek, was at hand, ...
-Country Water Supply
The procuring of a water supply in the country depends largely upon the surrounding conditions. Of course, when the source of the water supply is at a higher level than the house, a gravity system is ...
-Cellar Or Basement Drains
Floor drains, when used in cellar or basement, should be connected to the leader side of a rain leader trap wherever it is possible. Some sanitary engineers go so far as to say that floor drains shoul...
-Traps
A trap is a device or fitting used to allow the free passage through it of liquids and solids, and still prevent the passage of air or gas in either direction. There are two kinds of traps used on plu...
-Hot Water Supply. Cylinder System
In the cylinder system the principal difference from the tank system lies in the fact that the cylinder or reservoir of hot water lies beneath the draw-off pipes and not above them, as with the tank s...
-Tank System
The usual arrangement of this system of water heating apparatus is illustrated in Fig. 26. The flow pipe should proceed from the extreme top or highest point of the water-back, preferably from the top...
-Hot Water Plumbing
As the drawings shown in the article on Hot Water Supply are merely diagramatic outlines of the different systems and are only intended to illustrate the principle of the circulation, which is involve...
-Plumber's Tools
The illustrations given in Figs. 38, 39 and 40, show a set of plumber's tools. The name of the tool is given with each illustration, making further information unnecessary. A larger number of tools th...
-Drainage Fittings
Soil and Waste Pipe Fittings. One-quarter and one-sixth, and one-eighth and one-sixteenth cast iron soil pipe bends or elbows are shown in Figs. 47 and 48 respectively, and long one-quarter and one-ei...
-Trap Diagrams
A running trap with hand-hole and cover, and one with two hub-vents are illustrated in Figs. 75 and 76. Fig. 75. Fig. 76. A full S-trap, a three-quarter. S-trap and a half S-trap, are illustrat...
-Hopper Traps
A high pattern S-trap for lead pipe connections is shown in Fig. 90, and a high pattern three-quarter and half S-trap for iron pipe connections in Figs. 91 and 92. Fig. 94. Fig. 95. Fig. 96. ...
-Cleanouts
Cleanouts with hand-hole and swivel cover, with hand-hole and bolted cover and with brass trap-screw are shown in Figs. 108, 109 and 110. Fig. 107. Fig. 108. Fig. 109. Fig. 110. Fig. 11...
-Cesspools
A hydrant cesspool for use with cellar or outdoor hydrants is shown in Fig. 111. A stable cesspool with bell-trap and grating is illustrated in Fig. 112, while Fig. 113 shows a slop sink with bell-tra...
-Sanitary Plumbing
The Bathroom. There are good reasons why a bathroom should be finished in the best manner in preference to any other room in the house. As a rule, the bathroom is more used than any other room in the ...
-Bathtubs
In Fig. 117 is shown a porcelain roll rim bathtub. This is a sanitary article in every manner, as it requires no woodwork about it, and as this bathtub is made entirely of one piece, there is no chanc...
-Water Closets
The washout closet is, perhaps, the best sanitary water closet, and they are made by nearly all manufacturers of sanitary fixtures. This closet is made with the bowl and trap combined in one single pi...
-Urinals
A flat back porcelain urinal is illustrated in Fig. 137, and corner porcelain urinals in Figs. 138 and 139. These are adapted for use in hotels and office buildings. Fig. 136. Fig. 137. Fig. ...
-Washbowls
A job which requires experience and good judgment is the setting of porcelain washbowls to marble slabs. Although it may look like an easy job, no one can do this work well unless having had considera...
-Sinks
The enameled iron sink is a great advancement in sanitary improvements. When made properly and used for light work it is all that could be desired, because it is coated with a material which wears wel...
-Grease Trap
Grease from the kitchen sink not only stops up the sink waste pipe, but it will often stop up the main sewer. When a pipe becomes choked with grease it cannot be forced out by pressure, or the use of ...
-Laundry Tubs
Stoneware makes the best kind of laundry tub from every point of view, and they are almost as cheap as enameled iron tubs. The stoneware is non-absorbent. It is very smooth, and will not crack by the ...
-Bathroom And Kitchen Fittings. Washbowl Traps
A nickel-plated brass washbowl floor-trap without vent is shown in Fig. 164, and a similar washbowl floor-trap with wall-vent in Fig. 165: A nickel-plated brass washbowl wall trap, with or without th...
-Washbowl Plugs
Washbowl plugs with thimble, coupling and rubber stoppers are shown in Figs. 169 and 170. A washbowl plug with thimble, coupling and brass stopper is shown in Fig. 171. Laundry or Bathtub Plugs. A t...
-Sink Strainers
A sink strainer with flange drilled with holes for countersunk bolts is shown in Fig. 176, and a sink-strainer with lock-nut and coupling in Fig. 177; plug and open strainers are shown in Figs. 178 an...
-Urinal Fittings
A compression urinal cock with union and adjustable flanges is shown in Fig. 182. and a self-closing urinal cock with flanges and thimble for soldering in Fig. 183. Fig. 167. A urinal inlet connec...
-Faucets
A plain bibb compression faucet for lead pipe, with flange and thimble is shown in Fig. 187, and a hose-bibb compression faucet with flange and thimble in Fig. 188. A plaih-bibb compression faucet wi...
-Combination Soldering Fittings
For connecting lead to wrought iron pipe the soldering nipples shown in Figs. 225 and 226 are very suitaable, they have male or female pipe thread on one end and can be soldered directly to lead pipe ...
-Combination Lead Pipe Coupling
Many methods are in use for coupling lead pipe to pipes made of other material such as wrought Fig. 221. Fig. 222. Fig. 223. Fig. 224. Fig. 225. Fig. 226. iron or brass, but all...
-Water Traps
A trap is a vessel which contains water, its purpose is to prevent the passage of sewer gas and other foul odors from the sewer into the house, or to prevent the entrance through the house fixtures of...
-Calking Joints
A ring of oakum is first forced into the joint, and then set with a calking tool until hard. After the oakum is firmly calked, an asbestos rope is placed around the top of the joint, leaving a small o...
-Solder
The composition and properties of solders are a matter of considerable interest to all metal workers, but the subject is of especial importance to plumbers, because on the quality and purity of solder...
-Solder. Continued
Sulphur is the best thing to use for this purpose. When a pot of solder has been found to be poisoned with zinc, it is heated to just below a red heat. Lump sulphur is broken up and granulated, it is...
-How To Make Solder
Plumber's wiping solder, for use with the ladle and the soldering cloth, is made up by melting together pure lead and block tin in the proportion of 2 pounds of lead to 1 pound of tin. Plumber's fine ...
-Soldering Fluxes
The flux ordinarily used for plumber's wiping solder is tallow, generally in the form of a candle. No other fluxes answer this purpose so well, as they all spoil the wiping cloths, but different kinds...
-Preparing Wiped Joints
One objection that is often raised to wiped joints is that they are too expensive, and require a large quantity of solder. Another is that they take up too much time, and when they are made they are s...
-Joint-Wiping
Joint-wiping forms an important branch in the art of plumbing wovk which requires and practice than any of the other brancnes, and on it depends the success or failure of some of the most particular j...
-Wiping Horizontal Joints
In the making of wiped joints one of the greatest mistakes that is generally made is that of using too thin cloths. It is very difficult, if not altogether impossible, to make a good shaped joint with...
-Wiping Branch Joints
Fig. 235 shows a badly shaped joint that is often made by the use of a thin cloth, while Fig. 236 shows a joint that may be much more readily made by the use of a thick cloth. When everything is ready...
-Autogenous Soldering Or Lead Burning
The art of lead burning has for many years been kept quite distinct from plumbing generally, it is nevertheless a branch of the trade, and one in which large numbers of plumbers are becoming very prof...
-Properties Of Water
A tasteless, transparent, inodorous, liquid, almost incompressible, its absolute diminution being about one twenty-thousandth of its bulk, possesses the liquid form only, at temperatures between thirt...
-Useful Information
One heaped bushel of anthracite coal weighs from 75 to 80 lbs. One heaped bushel of bituminous coal weighs from 70 to 75 lbs. One bushel of coke weighs 32 lbs. Water, gas and steam pipes are measur...
-Useful Information. Continued
A column of water 27.67 inches high has a pressure of 1 pound to the square inch at the bottom. Doubling the diameter of a pipe increases its capacity four times. A hot water boiler will consume fro...
-Strong Cement
Melt over a slow fire, equal parts of rubber and pitch. When wishing to apply the cement, melt and spread it on a strip of strong cotton cloth. ...
-Cementing Iron And Stone
Mix 10 parts of fine iron filings, 30 parts of plaster of Paris, and one-half parts of sal ammoniac, with weak vinegar. Work this mixture into a paste, and apply quickly. Cement for Steam Boilers. Fo...
-Making Tight Steam Joints
With white lead ground in oil mix as much manganese as possible, with a small amount of litharge. Dust the board with red lead, and knead this mass by hand into a small roll, which is then laid on the...
-Rust Joint Cement
Mix 5 pounds of iron filings, 1 ounce of sal ammoniac, and 1 ounce of sulphur, and thin the mixture with water. To tin sheet copper after it has been well cleaned. Take it from the bath. If there are...
-Tests For Pure Water
Color Fill a long clean bottle of colorless glass with the water. Look through it at some blank object. It should look colorless and free from suspended matter. A muddy or turbid appearance indicates...
-Various Tables
Table of Quantitity of Water Delivered by Service Pipes of Various Sizes Under Various Pressures. Proportion of Head of Water (H) to Length of Pipe (L). Gallons Per Minute. Diameter of Pipe I...
-A Modern Treatise On Hot Water, Steam And Furnace Heating, and Steam and Gas Fitting
By WM. DONALDSON A MODERN treatise on Hot Water, Steam and Furnace Heating, and Steam and Gas Fitting, which is intended for the use and information of the owners of buildings and the mechanics who i...
-Practical Bricklaying Self-Taught
By FRED T. HODGSON This book is devoted altogether to brick work of all kinds, and includes an explanation of the various terms employed in the trade, with illustrations and definitions showing what ...
-Easy Steps to Architecture
FOR HOME STUDY By FRED T. HODGSON The Easy Lessons in Architecture, embodied in the work have been used for many years as a sort of catechism of the art, while the part on architectural styles is ...
-Practical Stonemasonry Self-Taught
BY FRED T. HODGSON This book deals with the stone mason's work altogether. Methods of building walls in rustic rubble, ashler square, uncovered, random coursed, irregular corners, snecked and square ...
-Practical Mechanical Drawing and Machine Design Self-Taught
By CHARLES WESTINGHOUSE Over 200 Illustrations and 160 Pages. Price, $2.00 A COMPLETE SELF-INSTRUCTOR FOR HOME STUDY on Drafting tools - Geometrical definition of plane figures - Properties of the ...







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previous page: Modern Plumbing Illustrated | by R. M. Starbuck
  
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