A. List Of Tools Required For One Pupil

1 Shooting-board.

2 Handscrews.

1 Metre-measure or Rule.

1 Marking-point.

1 Marking-gauge.

1 Cutting-gauge.

1 pair of Compasses.

1 Square.

1 Bevel.

1 Saw-set.

1 Saw-sharpening clamps.

1 Triangular file.

1 Bow-saw.

1 Dove-tail saw.

1 Turn-saw (broad-webbed).

1 Turn-saw (narrower webbed).

1 Hand-saw. 1 Tenon-saw. 1 Compass-saw. 1 Groove-saw. 1 Axe. 1 Knife.

1 Draw-knife.

1/2 set (6) Firmer-Chisels.

2 Mortise Chisels. 1/2 set (6) Gouges.

1 Spoon-iron. 1 Jack-plane. 1 Trying-plane. 1 Smoothing-plane. 1 Compass-plane. 1 Old woman's tooth-plane. 1 Spokeshave. 1 Flat file.

1 Half-round file.

1 Round file.

1 Scraper.

1 Brace, with set of bits. 1 Bradawl. 1 Mallet. 1 Hammer. 1 pair of Pincers. 1 Wire-cutter. 1 pair flat-jawed Pliers. 1 pair round-jawed

Pliers. 1 Screwdriver. 1 Glue-pot and Brush. 1 Grindstone. 1 Oilstone. 1 Oil-can. Sandpaper.

B. Minimum Number Of Tools Required For The Simultaneous Instruction Of 6 To 8 Pupils

1 Shooting-board.

2 Handscrews.

6 to 8 Metre-measures or Rules.

2 Marking-points.

3 to 4 Marking-gauges.* 3 pair Compasses.

3 to 4 Squares.*

1 Bevel. 1 Saw-set. 1 Saw-sharpening clamps.

[* With regard to the minimum number of tools required, the reader is referred to Chapter I., p. 24, and is strongly recommended to provide each child, if possible, with a complete bench, set, viz : - knife, jack-plane, trying-plane, smoothing-plane, square, marking-gauge, compass, rule or metre-measure, and scraper. - Trs.]

2 Triangular files. 2 Bow-saws. 1 Dove-tail saw.

1 Turn-saw (broadwebbed).

2 Turn-saws (narrower webbed). 1 Hand-saw. 1 Tenon-saw. 1 Compass-saw. 1 Groove-saw. 1 Axe.

6 to 8 Knives. 1 Draw-knife. 1 set (12) Firmer Chisels.

1/2 set (4) Mortise

Chisels. 1/2 set (6) Gouges. 3 Spoon-irons.

2 Jack-planes.*

3 Trying-planes.*

3 Smoothing-planes.* 1 Compass-plane.

1 Old woman's toothplane.

2 Spokeshaves.

1 Flat file.

2 Half-round files. 1 Round file.

3 Scrapers.*

1 Brace, with set of bits.

1 Bradawl. 3 Mallets.

2 Hammers.*

1 pair Pincers. 1 Wire-cutter. 1 pair flat Pliers.

1 pair round Pliers.

2 Screwdrivers.

1 Glue-pot and Brush.

1 Grindstone.

2 Oilstones. 1 Oil-can.

Sandpaper.

C. Minimum Number Of Tools Required For The Simultaneous Instruction Of 12 Pupils

2 Shooting-boards.

3 Handscrews.

12 Metre-measures or Rules.

4 Marking-points.

8 Marking-gauges.* 2 Cutting-gauges. 6 pair of Compasses. 8 Squares* 2 Bevels. 2 Saw-sets.

2 Saw-sharpening clamps. 4 Triangular files.

3 Bow-saws.

2 Dove-tail saws. 2 Turn-saws (broadwebbed). 2 Turn-saws (narrower webbed).

1 Hand-saw. 1 Tenon-saw. 1 Compass-saw. 1 Groove-saw. 1 Axe. 12 Knives. 1 Draw-knife. 1 set (12) Firmer

Chisels. 1/2 set (4) Mortise

Chisels. 1/2 set (6) Gouges.

3 Spoon-irons.

4 Jack-planes.*

8 Trying-planes.* 8 Smoothing-planes. 1 Compass-plane. 4 Spokeshaves. 1 Flat file. 3 Half-round files.

2 Round files. 6 Scrapers.*

1 Brace, with set of bits.

2 Bradawls. 4 Mallets.

3 Hammers.*

1 pair of Pincers.

1 Wire-cutter.

1 pair flat Pliers.

1 pair round Pliers.

6 Screwdrivers.

1 Glue-pot with Brush.

1 Grindstone.

2 Oilstones. 1 Oil-can.

Sandpaper.

* See note, page 201.

D. Complete List Of Tools Required For The Simultaneous Instruction Of 12 Pupils

3 Shooting-boards.

4 Handscrews.

12 Metre-measures. 8 Marking-points. 12 Marking-gauges. 2 Cutting-gauges. 6 pair of Compasses. 12 Squares. 2 Bevels. 2 Saw-sets.

2 Saw-sharpening clamps. 4 Triangular files. 4 Bow-saws.

3 Dove-tail saws.

4 Turn-saws (broadwebbed). 4 Turn-saws

(narrower webbed).

3 Hand-saws (tenon-saws).

1 Groove-saw.

2 Axes.

12 Knives.

2 Draw-knives.

2 sets (24) Firmer Chisels.

1 set (8) Mortise Chisels.

1 set (12) Gouges.

6 Spoon-irons.

12 Jack-planes.

12 Trying-planes.

12 Smoothing-planes.

1 Compass-plane.

1 Old woman's tooth-plane.

6 Spokeshaves.

4 Flat files. 6 Half-round files. 4 Round files. 6 Scrapers.

1 Brace with set of bits. 3 Bradawls. 8 Mallets. 12 Hammers.

2 pair of Pincers. 1 Wire-cutter.

1 pair flat Pliers. 1 pair round Pliers. 6 Screwdrivers. 1 Glue-pot with Brush. 1 Grindstone.

3 Oilstones. 1 Oil-can.

Sandpaper.

The cost of providing the above tools, calculated according to the prices* now current (in Sweden), is as follows :-

List (A) about 50 Kronor.† " (B) " 85 „ " (C) " 135 „ " (D) " 205 „

The number of benches required is as follows:-

For List (A) 1 „ „ (B) 3 or 4 „ „ (C) 8 " " (D) 12

If double benches are used, only half the number will be required in the cases of (B), (C), and (D) respectively. As double benches are cheaper in proportion to single benches, they may in some cases be preferred to single ones.

Tools of the best quality should always be procured; they are the cheapest in the long-run.

It is also desirable that drawings and constructions of the models should be procured.

In connection with this, it may be mentioned that the annual cost of timber and other materials in a small country school in Sweden, where 10 to 15 children receive instruction, is from 10 to 20 kronor, exclusive of the outlay of replacing worn-out tools.

The same materials for a class of 16 boys in England would cost about l 10s. annually. Red deal pine is the best solt-wood for Slojd, and can be obtained at any good timber yard. Lime-tree, sycamore, and chestnut all make good substitutes for birch. The two former are very fine in the grain, and are good for scoops, bowls, etc. They are a little dearer than birch. American canary wood can also be recommended as a wood suitable for flat articles ; it is a little harder than deal, and works easily. This wood can be obtained anywhere, and is not dear.

* The English prices for the tools are given on page 214.

† The Swedish krona is worth 1s. 1 1/3d. Eighteen kronor = 1.