Woodwork In Masonry Structures. Wood framing in brick and other masonry buildings is but slightly different from that wholly in wood. Fig. 147 illustrates the manner of framing the ends of joists which rest in solid masonry walls. The ends are shaped as indicated so that, in case of fire, the floors in falling will not pull over the walls, but will fall free. Anchors are used to tie the building together, and these are to be placed near the lower edge of the joists so that they may split out of the joists easily or allow the floor to drop free, in case of a falling of the floor and joists.
A popular type of construction is that known as brick veneer, Fig. 148. It consists of an ordinary framed house with a covering of brick as shown. These bricks are fastened to the wall by metallic bonds. From the outside, the building has all of the appearance of solid brick, while it is claimed that a wall so formed is warmer than one of solid brick.
Fig. 146. Detail of Window Frame.
Joist Framed into Brick Wall
Over openings in brick walls, lintels are required to support the arch, Fig. 150.
Fig. 149 shows the manner of framing a window opening for
Fig. 148. Brick Veneer.
a brick wall. Fig. 151 illustrates the manner of attaching a plate to a brick wall.
Fig. 149. Window Detail for Brick Wall.
Fig. 150. Lintels.
Fig. 151. Attaching Plate to Brick Wall.