In paring across the grain horizontally, place the piece of wood in a vise so that both hands may be free to manipulate the chisel, Fig. 80. With the bevel side of the chisel up, pare almost all the way across the piece, taking fairly large cuts at first, with thinner ones as the line is approached. Reverse the piece, and finish the cutting from the second side.
Fig. 80. Position of Hands, Horizontal Chiseling.
Fig. 81. Position of Hands, Vertical Chiseling.
The sides of such a groove would be sawed first.
Where it is desired to trim or pare the sides of such a groove to make the groove wider, the chisel will be held as in Fig. 81, the worker standing so that he may sight along the line he is cutting. Very small portions are taken at a time, about 1/8 in. of the blade being used for cutting, the rest of the blade being held against the surface already pared. The movement of the handle is forward and downward to give what is known as a shearing cut, Fig. 81.