MANGROVE: Native woods of the shores of the tropics, bearing this name, and those of Mango, Mangle, Maniglier (Fr.) etc, differ very much in kind: some that I have examined bear the appearance of very indifferent ash and elm, others of good useful woods of the some kind, some ore dark coloured, and many of them have the red mahogany character.
One of the latter kind known to our cabinet-makers, has less of the brown and more of the red tint than mahogany, it becomes darker on exposure, but not in general as much so as mahogany. This mangrove is straight-grained, hard, and elastic, and stands almost better than Spanish mahogany, and it is therefore preferred for straight-edges and squares.
A specimen in Mr. Loddiges's collection, named Rhizophora decandra, and another Mangle vermelho, both from Rio Janeiro, much resembled the beautiful wood last described, as likewise the Savacoa, (see Acacia,) although in grain it is somewhat coarser.
"The timbers are very much valued for ship-building, and a large quantity comes from Crab Island and Porto Rico." - Col. G. A. Lloyd,
The mangrove-tree is Rhizophora Mangle, of which the wood is employed in making staves for sugar hogsheads. Growing in the same situations with it are two trees to which the name mangrove is also applied: the Conocarpus recemosa, is called white mangrove by sloana, and Avicennia tomentosa, olive mangrove. Coceoloba uvifera, sea-side grape, also grows in the same situations, and la a large tree of which the wood is of a reddish colour.