This section is from the book "The Practice Of Palmistry For Professional Purposes", by C. de Saint-Germain. Also available from Amazon: The Practice of Palmistry for Professional Purposes.
Those in whose hands the Mounts of Mars are predominating over all the other Mounts are known in Palmistry as Martians.
Desbarrolles, who reeognized as Mount of Mars only what I call in this book the Upper Mount, confined his indications as to the signature of this Mount to a predominating Mount of Mars along the Percussion, between the. Lines of Head and Heart. My drawing, although entirely original to my work, follows this reading of the master. Of course a strong Lower Mount of Mars would simply strengthen these indications.
The stature of the Martian is above the average: he is strong, without being heavy, with a small, thick head, an open brow and a very widely developed cerebellum flower part of the back of the head). The face is round and the skin of a reddish hue (especially near the ears), often spotted and never thin. The hair is short, crisp, curly and of an auburn color. He has large, bright, daring eyes, the pupils either a brown or a rusty gray, looking at one fixedly and command-ingly, the whites more or less bloodshot.
The mouth is large, with thin tips, the inferior one the thicker of the two; the teeth, of a yellowish enamel, are healthy but small and ranged like those of a dog. The eyebrows are thick, straight and low and the Martian often frowns.
His nose is sharp and long, often curved and beak-like; his chin turns up; his beard is short and hard to shave; his ears are small, but grow away from the head; his cheeks are thin, and the cheek bones prominent. The neck is short, strong and of a bluish red, the veins much in evidence; the chest is splendidly developed, the shoulders broad and fleshy and the back covered with bulging muscles; the articulations are thick and the bones above the average in size; the thighs are relatively short, but the legs are well-shaped, and the Martian walks with a brisk, proud and determined step. His voice is powerful and of a commanding tone. His movements are so quick and unexpected that he often breaks things around him.
The hand of the Martian is hard, with thick, strong, short fingers; the first phalanx of the thumb is much larger than the second.
Whenever the hand of the Martian contains other unfavorable indications you will find him to be short of stature, with an inflamed face, a twisted mouth, a threatening, ever suspecting, look in his blood-injected, deep-set eyes, and a continual frown on his brow. The voice is rough, the skin is spotted with red, the hair droop, flat and colorless; the ears are long and the beard is stiff and ill-kept. The hands are thick and short like that of the born bully, with a rough, redskin; the first phalanx of the thumb is club-shaped, and the inside third phalanges of all the fingers are bulging.
The Martian represents the sanguine temperament. He has really too much blood, or his blood is too rich. His habits - of which more in the next paragraph - are apt to over-excite this characteristic and bring to him loss of blood, apoplexy, skin diseases, inflammation of the inner organs. He runs a great risk of wounds in quarrels, and, being a bom fighter, he rather courts such dangers, either in brawls, duels or battles.
At its worst the Martian will commit such violent crimes as will lead him to the scaffold.
At its best the Martian is generous, magnanimous and a devoted friend. He throws Ins money away for other people's sake, as well as for his own, and he knows, no fear. He has plenty of energy and perseverance and will go through any amount of peril and fatigue to bring an enterprise to success. But he has very little delicacy in his intercourse with his fellow-beings; he goes straight to his goal without minding the pain he may cause; and in his love matters be always acts audaciously, and often succeeds by his daring ways. He is very amorous by nature, not vicious, but simply physically excited to numberless love conquests. He is domineering and refuses to listen to reasoning, which he probably would fail to understand. He is fond of good eating, of plenty of it especially; he prefers meats cooked rare and heavy, heady wines, to any culinary delicacies, and is especially fond of con-vival reunions and boisterous merriment. He likes circuses, bull-fights and prizefights. As a profession soldiery is his first choice, next the exploring of wild countries, next the butcher's stall. His pride is great, and so is his fondness for showy clothes, decorations, honors, small or great.
He always wants to be to the front, and manifests open contempt for the deep scholar and the quiet, planning business man. Whenever he tackles an art or profession he inoculates it with his own views; as a painter, he will concentrate all his efforts into putting on canvas battles or hunting scenes; as a musician, the composing or playing of marches, dances, and brass instruments will be his favorite work; as a litterateur, he will narrate endless stories of bloodshed, mingled with a good deal of braggadocio. With all his defects the true Martian is admired by the crowd and is a born chief, even in our time of effete civilization.
The worst Martian type - revealed by other disastrous indications in the hands - will be highwayman, burglar, ruffian, murderer. He is as dangerous to society as a railroad engine let loose in a crowded thoroughfare. He has to be suppressed as early as the law permits, either behind steel prison bars or on the scaffold.