285. Title to real property may be acquired by virtue of judicial process,(a) By conveyances under licenses (p. 486).
(b) By conveyances under decrees (p. 488).
(c) By tax sales (p. 490).
There are many instances where the title to land is transferred by order of a court. Titles acquired in this way are often spoken of as titles by involuntary alienation. In some cases this is an accurate enough designation, but the mental attitude of the owner is immaterial. The validity of this sort of titles depends on whether the proper notices to the parties in interest have been given and the requirements of procedure complied with in other respects. Jn some cases of title by judicial process, the order of the court is in itself sufficient to transfer the title. In other cases a conveyance of some kind is ordered by the court to be executed by the person holding the title, or by some officer of the court.
286. Licenses to convey lands are given by order of court in the following cases: (a) To personal representatives to convey the land of decedents (p. 487).
622 1 stira. Am. St. Law, §§ 1151, 3125. This is not the feudal escheat, as to which see Johnsou v. Norway, Winch, 37. 623 l stim. Am. St. Law, § 1154.
(b) To guardians to convey the land of persons under disability (p. 487).
(c) To tenants in possession to convey settled estates, in some states (p. 488),