Angiist Bockh. a German philologist and antiquary, born at Carlsruhe, Nov. 24,1785, died in Berlin, Aug. 3,1867. He was the son of a functionary and the brother of Friedrich von Bockh (1777-1855), who was for a time prime minister of Baden. He prepared himself at the gymnasium of Carlsruhe for a course of theological studies at Halle, when Wolf directed his attention to philology, to which science he continued to apply himself at Berlin. He was professor at Heidelberg from 1807 to 1809, and afterward, for over 40 years, of rhetoric and ancient literature in the university of Berlin. He was made member of the academy in 1814 and privy councillor in 1830. He opened a new era in philology and archaeology, by abandoning the old system of mere linguistic research, and extending his inquiries to all material, mental, social, religious, and general vestiges and aspects of civilization. His conception of philology as an organically constructed whole excited considerable opposition, but led to a more exhaustive study of classical history and civilization; and he trained many renowned scholars, including Karl Otfried Muller. His remarkable knowledge of classical poetry is revealed in his Graecae Tragaediae Principum, AEschyli, Sophoclis, Euripidis (Heidelberg, 1808), and especially in his edition of Pindar (2 vols., Leipsic, 1811-'22). The greatest monument of his genius for minute investigation of political, economical, and social conditions is his Die Staatshaushaltung der Athener (2 vols., Berlin, 1817; enlarged edition, 1851), which was followed by related works entitled Metro-loglsche Untersuchungen uber Gewichte, Munz-fusse und Masse des Alterthums (1838), and Urkunden uber das Seeweesen des attischen Staats (1840). Of the first named work, an English translation was made by Sir G. C. Lewis ("The Public Economy of Athens," London, 1828), and one of the second edition by Anthony Lamb (Boston and London, 1857). Under the auspices of the academy of sciences he published the Corpus Inscriptionum Grmcarurn (4 vols., Berlin, 1824-'62; since continued by his pupil Franz and afterward by Kirchhoff), designed to contain every known Greek printed and MS. inscription.
He also presided over the academical committee appointed for the supervision of a new edition of the works of Frederick the Great. His later publications include Epigraphisch-chronologische Studien (Leipsic, 1856); his lectures and public orations, edited by Ascherson (2 vols., 1856-'9); and Ueber die vierjahrigen Sonnenkreise der Alien (Berlin, 1863). His Gesammelte kleinere Schriften have been published in 6 vols. (1858-'72), and a biography of Bockh is in preparation (1873) by Prof. Stark.