Anne Jean Marie Rene Savary, duke of Rovi-go, a French soldier, born at Marcq, near Vou-ziers, April 26, 1774, died in Paris, June 2, 1833. He entered the army in 1790, superintended in 1804 the execution of the duke d'Enghien, became general of division in 1805, achieved in 1807 a victory at Ostrolenka, and received a large pension and the title of duke of Rovigo. Napoleon, after employing him in missions to Russia, sent him to Madrid, where he prevailed upon King Charles IV. and Prince Ferdinand to meet Napoleon at Bayonne, preliminary to their deposition. After the establishment of Joseph Bonaparte as king of Spain, he joined Napoleon at Erfurt, and remained his companion till 1810, when he succeeded Fouché as minister of police. In 1814 he accompanied Maria Louisa to Blois, and went on board the Bellerophon to accompany the emperor to St. Helena; but the English took him to Malta, whence he escaped to Smyrna. There he lost most of his fortune in commerce, and in 1819 he returned to Paris and obtained the reversal of the sentence of death which had been pronounced upon him in 1816. In 1823 he published an extract from his memoirs, in which he threw the blame of executing the duke d'Enghien on Talleyrand. The court was displeased at this, and he went to Rome, but was recalled to active service in 1831 as commander of the army in Algeria. His Me-moires pour servir ą l'histoire de l'empereur Napoleon (8 vols., 1828) is one of the most valuable works on the first empire.