Anne Hutchinson, founder of a party of An-tinomians in New England, born at Alford, Lincolnshire, England, in 1591, died near New Amsterdam (now New York) in August, 1643. She was the daughter of the Rev. Francis Marbury. Becoming interested in the preaching of John Cotton, and of her brother-in-law John Wheelwright, she followed the former to New England with her husband, arriving in Boston Sept. 18, 1634. She was admitted a member of the Boston church, and rapidly acquired influence. She instituted meetings of the women of the church to discuss sermons and doctrines, in which she gave prominence to peculiar speculations which even on her voyage had attracted the attention and caused the displeasure of her fellow passengers. Such were the tenets that the person of the Holy Spirit dwells in every believer, and that the inward revelations of the Spirit, the conscious judgments of the mind, are of paramount authority. Two years after her arrival the strife between her supporters and her opponents broke out into public action.
Among her partisans were Vane, Cotton, Wheelwright, and the whole Boston church with the exception of five members, while the country clergy and churches were generally united against her. "The dispute," says Bancroft, "infused its spirit into everything; it interfered with the levy of troops for the Pequot war; it influenced the respect shown to the magistrates, the distribution of town lots, the assessment of rates; and at last the continued existence of the two opposing parties was considered inconsistent with the public peace." The peculiar tenets of Mrs. Hutchinson were among the 82 opinions condemned as erroneous by the ecclesiastical synod at Newtown, Aug. 30, 1637; and in November she was summoned before the general court, and after a trial of two days was sentenced with some of her associates to banishment from the territory of Massachusetts, but was allowed to remain during the winter at a private house in Roxbury. It was her first intention to remove to the banks of the Piscataqua, but changing her plan she joined the larger number of her friends, who, led by John Clarke and William Coddington, had been welcomed by Roger Williams to his vicinity, and had purchased by his recommendation from the chief of the Narragansetts the island of Aquidneck, subsequently called Rhode island.
There a body politic was formed on democratic principles, in which no one was to be "accounted a delinquent for doctrine." The church in Boston, from which she had been excommunicated, vainly sent a deputation to the island with the hope of reclaiming her. After the death of her husband in 1642, she removed with her surviving family into the territory of the Dutch. The Indians and the Dutch were then at war, and in an invasion of the settlement by the former her house was attacked and set on fire, and herself and all her family, excepting one child who was carried captive, perished either by the flames or by the weapons of the savages.