Arthur Young, an English writer on agriculture, born at Bradfield, Suffolk, Sept. 7, 1741, died there, April 12, 1820. He abandoned mercantile business for literature, and began to write on agriculture as early as 1760. In 1768 he published "A Six Weeks' Tour through the Southern Counties," which at once became popular, on account of its shrewd observations and lively imaginative style. His " Course of Experimental Agriculture " (2 vols. 4to, London, 1770) contains "an exact register of the course of business transacted during five years on over 300 acres of various soils," which he had managed at Samford Hall, Essex. While thus engaged in farming, he was also a parliamentary reporter to the "Morning Post" of London, and spent only Saturdays and Sundays on his farm; and accordingly at the end of his five years he paid £100 to another to take his lease off his hands. His other works are: " Six Months' Tour through the North of England" (4 vols. 8vo, 1770); "The Farmer's Guide" (2 vols., 1770); "The Farmer's Tour through the East of England " (4 vols., 1771); "The Farmer's Calendar" (1771; 215th ed., rewritten by J. C. Merton, 1862); " Political Essays on the Present State of the British Empire " (1771); " Observations on the Present State of Waste Lands" (1771); "Rural Economy " (1772); " Political Arithmetic " (1774; translated into several languages); " Tour in Ireland " (2 vols., 1780); and " Travels in France, Spain, and Italy" (2 vols. 4to, 1791). He established the periodical "Annals of Agriculture" in 1784, and edited 45 volumes of it.
George III. contributed to it under the name of Ralph Robinson. From 1779 Young was engaged in practical husbandry and its improvement, and from 1789 till his death he was secretary to the board of agriculture. His agricultural works were translated into French by order of the directory, under the title of Le cultivateur anglais (18 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1801-'2).