Aurungabad, a city of N. W. Hindostan, in the native state of Hyderabad or the territory of the Nizam, on the Doodna, a small tributary of the Godavery, 175 m. E. N. E. of Bombay. It was an unimportant village called Gurka until the time of Aurungzebe, who made it a favorite residence, and built here a mausoleum to the memory of his daughter. The town is well laid out, but the buildings are in a dilapidated condition, and the climate is unhealthy. The population was estimated in 1825 at 60,000, but is now much smaller. Water is supplied by means of conduits and pipes, and a considerable trade is carried on. The town was formerly the capital of a province of the same name, containing about 50,000 sq. m., which was incorporated with the Mogul empire in 1633. In more recent periods it belonged partly to the Mahrat-tas and partly to the Nizam, but is now mostly under British rule.
Mosque of Aurungzebe.