Baratier. Johann Philipp, a precocious German scholar, born at Schwabach, near Nuremberg, Jan. 19, 1721, died in Halle Oct. 5, 1740. He was the son of a Protestant pastor, who had fled from France on the revocation of the edict of Nantes. Before his 5th year he had learned to read and write French, German, and Latin, and he afterward mastered, almost unaided, Greek, Hebrew, Syriac, Arabic, and Ethiopic. In his 9th year he made a dictionary of difficult Hebrew and Chaldaic words, and in his 13th year published a translation from the Hebrew of the itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela, to which he added notes and historical dissertations. He also published several learned theological pamphlets, and made difficult mathematical and astronomical calculations. In his 14th year he received from the university of Halle the degree of master of arts, on which occasion he defended 14 theses in the presence of more than 2,000 spectators. The royal society of sciences at Berlin made him a member, and the king of Prussia made him an annual allowance of $50, presented him with books and mathematical instruments, and gave to hi3 father a living at Halle. He began a history of the church, a history of the 30 years' war, and various other works.