Benjamin Lundy, an American abolitionist, born at Handwich, N. J., Jan. 4, 1789, died at Lowell, 111., Aug. 22, 1839. His parents were members of the society of Friends. When about 19 years of age he removed to Wheeling, Va., where his attention was first directed to the subject of slavery, He afterward resided at Mt. Pleasant, Ohio, and then settled in St. Clairsville, Va., where in 1815 he originated an anti-slavery association called the "Union Humane Society," and wrote an appeal on the subject of slavery. He then visited St. Louis, where he remained nearly two years engaged in a newspaper exposition of the slavery question. Returning to Mt. Pleasant, he commenced in January, 1821, the publication of the " Genius of Universal Emancipation," the office of which was soon removed to Jonesboro, Tenn., and thence to Baltimore in 1824. In 1825 he visited Hayti to make arrangements for the settlement of emancipated slaves. In 1828 he visited the eastern states, where he formed the acquaintance of William Lloyd Garrison, and afterward became associated with him in editing his journal.
Shortly after he was assaulted for an alleged libel, and indirectly censured by the court, and in 1829 removed to Washington. In 1830-'31 he travelled in Canada and Texas to obtain subscribers to his paper, and to continue his observations on the condition of the blacks. He made a second trip to Texas in 1833, returned the following year, and immediately afterward undertook another journey to Texas and Mexico. He was the first to establish anti-slavery periodicals and deliver anti-slavery lectures, and probably the first to induce the formation of societies for the encouragement of the produce of free labor. "The Life, Travels, and Opinions of Benjamin Lundy," by Thomas Earl, was published in Philadelphia in 1847.