Bergamot, a kind of green-colored citron or small orange, of fine flavor and taste, of round form, the fruit of the citrus margarita (hergcwnia of Risso and De Candolle). The rind furnishes by distillation an essence or oil which is much used in perfumery, and to some extent in medicine. The bergamot tree is a native of the south of Europe, and is particularly abundant in the neighborhood of Nice. To obtain 2 1/2 ounces of oil, 100 bergamots are consumed. This oil or essence has a very agreeable, sweetish odor, and a bitter, aromatic taste. Its specific gravity is 0.885. In composition it is not to be distinguished from oil of lemons. Alcohol is used to adulterate it, and is not readily detected when added only to the extent of 8 per cent. - Bergamot is also the name of a variety of pears, which, like the citron tree of the same name, is said to have originated in Bergamo, Italy. - The word is also used to designate a coarse tapestry, supposed to have been invented at Bergamo.
Bergamot (Citrus margarita).