Berryer. Antoinr Pierre, n French advocate and statesman, born in Paris, Jan. 4, 1790, died at his country seat near Angerville, Nov. 29, 1868. His ancestors were from Lorraine, and their original name was Mittelberger. He was one of three sons of Pierre Nicolas Ber-ryer, an eminent lawyer. He was educated for the church in the school of the Oratorians at Juilly; but his father induced him to become a lawyer, and after serving for a time in an attorney's office, he made his debut at the Paris bar early in 1811. In the same year he married Mile. Gautier, the daughter of a Paris official. In 1814 he proclaimed at Rennes the deposition of Napoleon, and hoisted the legitimist flag, to which he remained faithful till his death, though he was a man of liberal ideas and a decided opponent of all arbitrary measures. He assisted his father in conducting the defence of Ney, and obtained the acquittal of Cambronne and the pardon of Debelle. His practice now increased steadily. His imposing presence enhanced the effect of his oratory, and his eloquence has been described as almost equal in power to that of Mirabeau. In 1826 he defended Lamennais against a charge of atheism.
Elected to the chambers in 1830 by a large majority, his first great speech was a denunciation of the unconstitutional character of the famous address of the 221. The July revolution did not interrupt his parliamentary career, though he continued to be the champion of the legitimists. He took the oath of allegiance to Louis Philippe's government, but never ceased to embarrass it. In 1832 he was arrested as an accomplice of the duchess of Berrv; but it was shown that he had en-deavored to stop her expedition, and the charge was abandoned. He defended Chateaubriand from a similar charge, and exerted himself in vain for the liberation of the duchess. His political career interfering with his professional labors, he was involved in pecuniary difficulties, and a public subscription of 400,000 francs was raised for him in 1836. In the chambers his renown was increased by his powerful speeches in opposition to the press laws of September, 1835, the measure against associations, and the Pritchard indemnity bill (1845); but he was censured for having paid homage to the count de Chambord in London (1843). In 1840 he was one of the counsel for the defence of Louis Napoleon after the Boulogne expedition.
On the revolution of 1848 he became the chief of the legitimist faction which was opposed to universal suffrage, adhering to the cause of the count de Chambord and the doctrine of divine right. On the morning after Louis Napoleon's coup d'etat (Dec. 2, 1851) he appeared at the mairie of the 10th arrondissement of Paris, and voted in favor of the deposition of the prince-president. In 1852 he was elected to the academy of sciences. In 1858 he defended Montalembert in a celebrated speech, and subsequently he was counsel for the Patterson-Bonapartes in the great suit for the recognition of the Baltimore marriage. He kept aloof from politics till 1863, when he was reelected to the chambers with Thiers. He took sides with the federal government during the civil war in the United States, denounced the invasion of Mexico, and affirmed the authority of the French courts to fine and imprison all who were concerned in the construction of confederate cruisers in France. His opinion exerted some influence in preventing the emperor from taking the responsibility of letting the steamers be delivered to the confederates, and his last professional argument was as leading counsel in the suit instituted against Arman, the principal contractor for confederate vessels.
The semi-centennial anniversary of his practice at the bar was celebrated in France in 1863, and a great ovation was given to him in England in 1864, Sir Roundell Palmer presiding on the occasion. He spoke in 1867 in favor of French intervention in Rome, and in 1868 addressed from his deathbed a letter to the editor of the Electeur justifying Baudin's proceedings in 1851. See OEuvres de Berryer (2 vols., Paris, 1872 et seq.), the first volume containing his parliamentary speeches, with a notice by De Noailles.