I. Friedrieh Ludwig Georg Von

Friedrieh Ludwig Georg Von, a German historian, born at Wörlitz, near Dessau, May 14, 1781, died in Berlin, June 13, 1873. He completed his studies at Halle and Göttingen, and was employed in the civil service from 1801 to 1811, when he became professor at Breslau, and in 1819 at Berlin, where he remained till 1853. At various periods he visited England, the United States, and other countries. In 1848 he was a member of the Frankfort parliament, and was employed on a diplomatic mission to Paris; and he was afterward a member of the Prussian upper house till 1871. His principal works are Geschichte der Hohenstaufen und ihrer Zeit (6 vols., Leipsic, 1823-5; 4th ed., 1871), and Geschichte Europd's seit dem Ende des 15. Jahrhunderts (8 vols., 1832-50). His other publications include Herbstreise nach Venedig (2 vols., 1816); Vorlesungen über die alte Geschichte (2 vols., 1821; 3d ed., 1861); Briefe aus Paris und Frankreich, 1830 (2 vols., 1831); Briefe aus Paris zur Erläuterung der Geschichte des 16. und 17. Jahrhunderts (2 vols., 1831); England im Jahr 1835 (2 vols., 1836; enlarged ed., 3 vols., 1842; English translation by Sarah Austin and H. E. Lloyd, 1836-'42); Beiträge zur neuern Geschichte aus dem Bri-tischen Museum und Reichsarchive (5 vols., 1836-'9); Italien (2 vols., 1840); Die Vereinig-ten Staaten von Nordamerika (2 vols., 1845; English translation by W. W. Turner, "America and the American People," New York, 1846); Briefe aus Frankfurt und Paris (2 vols., 1849); Antiquarische Briefe (1851); Ver-mischte Schriften (3 vols., 1852-4); Lebens-erinnerungen und Briefwechsel (2 vols., 1861); Handbuch zur Geschichte der deutschen Litera-tur (4 vols, 1864-'6); and Literarischer Nach-lass (2 vols., 1869). In 1830 he began the publication of the yearly Historisches Taschenbuch, which he edited till his death, and which is now continued by Riehl.

II. Karl Georg Von

Karl Georg Von, a German geographer, brother of the preceding, born at Wörlitz, April 9, 1783, died in Erlan-gen, June 2, 1865. He studied at Göttingen, Halle, and Freiberg. In 1810 he received an appointment in the mineralogical bureau at Berlin, and in 1811 at Breslau. In 1813-'14 he fought against the French as aide-de-camp of Gneisenau. From 1819 to 1823 he was employed both in the mining bureau and the university of Halle, and subsequently at Nuremberg till 1827, when he became professor of natural history and mineralogy at Erlangen. His chief works are: Lehrbuch der allgemei-nen Geographie (Berlin, 1832; 3d ed., Leipsic, 1848); Beschreibung der Erdoberfläche (6th ed., 1866); Palästina (1835; 4th ed., 1860); Kreuzzüge (2 vols., Stuttgart, 1840 and 1864); Geschichte der Pädagogik (3d ed., 4 vols., 1857-'61); and his autobiography (1866).

III. Rudolf Von

Rudolf Von, a German philologist, son of the preceding, born in Breslau, April 14, 1815. He studied at Erlangen, Göttingen, and Munich, and in 1840 began to teach at the first named university, where in 1852 he became professor of philology. Among his works are: Gesammelte sprachwissenschaftliche Schriften (Frankfort, 1863); Untersuchungen über die Urverwandtschaft der semitischen und indo-europäischen Sprachen (1868 et seq.); and Geschichte der germanischen Philosophic, vor-zugsweise in Deutschland (Munich, 1870).