Robert Southwell, an English author, born at Horsham St. Faith's, Norfolk, in 1500, executed at Tyburn, Feb. 21, 1595. He was educated at Douai, became a Jesuit at Rome in 1578, was appointed rector of the English college there in 1585, and in 1586 was sent as a missionary to England. He ministered secretly to the scattered Roman Catholics, residing principally as chaplain in the household of the countess of Arundel. In 1592 he was imprisoned in the tower, and was ten times subjected to the torture to make him disclose a plot against Queen Elizabeth. He was much revered among Roman Catholics for his gentleness and purity of life, and his cause has been lately introduced for canonization in the Roman ecclesiastical courts. His most important poems are contained in "St. Peter's Complaint and other Poems " (4to, London, 1595; last ed. with sketch of his life by W. J. Walter, 1817), and "Maenoniae, or Certaine excellent Poems and Spirituall Hymnes" (4to, 1595). His chief prose works are : "The Triumph over Death " (1595); "Epistle of Comfort to those Catholics who lie under Restraint" (8vo, 1605); and "Marie Magdalen's Funeral Teares" (4to, 1609; new ed., 1823). Collective editions of his works were published in 1020, 1030, 1034, 1637, and 1828; and a complete edition of his poetical works in 185G.