Johann Georg, a German theologian, born at Ummerstädt, near Hildburg-hausen, Dec. 18, 1736, died in Leipsic, March 14, 1815. He became professor of theology at Erlangen in 1775, at Giessen in 1783, and at Leipsic in 1785, and also superintendent of the Lutheran church. He wrote Religionsgeschichte für Kinder (1771; 10th ed., 1827); Christlicher Uhterricht für die Jugend (1773; 14th ed., 1822); Historia Interpretationis Librorum Sanctorum in Ecclesia Christiana, ab Aposto-lorum AEtate ad Literarum Instaurationem (5 parts, 8vo, 1795-1814); and Scholia in Novum Testamentum (6th ed., 6 vols., 1815-'31).
Ernst Friedrich Karl, son of the preceding, born Dec. 10, 1768, died in Leipsic, Sept. 17, 1835. He was professor of oriental languages at Leipsic, and published Scholia in Vetus Testamentum (23 vols. 8vo, Leipsic, 1788-1835). A "Compendium of the Scholia," containing the Pentateuch, the Psalms, Job, and the prophets, was executed by Dr. J. C. Lechner, with the cooperation of the author, in 5 vols. (1828-'33). He also wrote a Handbuch der biblischen Alterthumskunde (4 vols. 8vo, 1823-31).