Samuel Bochart, a French oriental and Biblical scholar, born in Rouen, May 30, 1599, died at Caen, May 16, 1667. He belonged to a Huguenot family, and became like his father and his uncle, the famous Pierre du Moulin, a Calvinistic minister. At 14 years of age he wrote freely in Greek verse, specimens of which were published by Dempster in the preface to his "Roman Antiquities" (1615). He studied philosophy at Sedan, and followed Cameron into England in the civil troubles of 1620. He next went to Leyden, where he studied Arabic. Returning to France, he was appointed pastor at Caen, and here in 1628 he held a public disputation with the Jesuit Veron, which was interrupted by Bochart's sickness, but was continued in epistolary essays for nearly three years, upon the principal topics of controversy between the Protestant and Roman Catholic churches. In 1646 he published his celebrated Geographia Sacra. Next followed his Hiero-zoicon, or treatise on the animals of the Bible; and he was collecting materials for similar treatises on the minerals and plants of the Bible, when he died while speaking at Caen.